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Author Topic: THE MILITARY MEDAL ROLL 1914 -1919  (Read 51868 times)
tonyrod
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« Reply #75 on: December 17, 2010, 01:47:36 AM »

cheers wendi, i have replied , but i don't have anything on him myself, just posted info on were he was at the time of his death,  Grin
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« Reply #76 on: December 18, 2010, 02:15:54 AM »

A rare Military Medal, 1914-15 Star trio, Memorial Plaque and surviving Service Papers
to a man of the 5th (Service) Battalion Dorsetshire Regiment who was Killed in Action
in October 1918.  Frederick Henry Higgins was awarded his Military Medal during the
Battle of the Somme for ‘bravery in the field’ in action at Mouquet Farm*
on the 26th/27th September 1916, during the Battle of Thiepval. 
Having already served in Gallipoli, he was killed just a month before the Armistice,
during the Battle of the Canal du Nord on the 1st October 1918.

Military Medal, 1914-15 Star Trio, Memorial Plaque and Service Papers
Frederick Henry Higgins, MM
5th (Service) Battalion Dorsetshire Regiment
Killed in Action on the 1st October 1918
During the Battle of the Canal du Nord
Item number: 120661648014
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« Reply #77 on: December 27, 2010, 09:00:29 AM »

Hi

My great uncle William Mayall 1st COY MGC Reg No 67720 won the MM and was cited in the LG on 23 Feb 1918.  I wonder if you could shed any light on how he came to be awarded with the medal?  I understand it was for bravery in the field.

Any help would be appreciated!

Phil
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« Reply #78 on: December 27, 2010, 10:33:29 AM »

hi phil,  check out the two links, this will give you a  start,  search local papers, you could have a good chance of finding out how he won his award,  you will be very lucky if you find anything in army records 
good chance he won his mm  at the Second Battle of Passchendaele, 26 October - 10 November 1917.
it was no unusual for mm awards being listed  in the LG. 3 months later and more,
 i am sorry i can not help you any more on this, good luck and all the best for the new year. tonyrod

http://www.1914-1918.net/1div.htm
http://www.1914-1918.net/bat20.htm                     
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« Reply #79 on: December 27, 2010, 01:36:26 PM »

Cheers Tonyrod, I'm hoping to get up to the Oldham Local Studies archive soon to trace the newspaper reports of the time - I'll let you know how I get on!!

Thanks for your help.

Phil
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« Reply #80 on: January 20, 2011, 12:27:16 AM »

A VERY NICE 100% GENUINE FULL SIZE & CORRECTLY NAMED WW1 BRONZE VICTORY MEDAL TO A MILITARY MEDAL RECIPIENT WHO WAS KIA F&F 22-9-1917

IMPRESSED ON THE RIM TO- 18175.A-SJT.J.FISHBURN.YORK.R

JAMES FISHBURN FIRST LANDED OVERSEAS IN EGYPT 14-9-1915 AS A MEMBER OF THE 6TH BATTALION YORKSHIRE REGIMENT ( GREEN HOWARDS. HE LATER TRANSFERED TO THE 9TH BATTALION OF THE YORK & LANCASTER REGIMENT WITH SERVICE NUMBER 34588 AND WAS AWARDED THE MILITARY MEDAL FOR SERVICE IN FRANCE & FLANDERS IN THE LONDON GAZETTE 16-8-1917

JAMES FISHBURN WAS KILLED IN ACTION IN FRANCE & FLANDERS 22-9-1917 STILL SERVING WITH THE 9TH BATTALION OF THE YORK & LANCASTER REGIMENT. HE WAS BORN IN HETTON-LE-HOLE, COUNTY DURHAM & ENLISTED IN HOUGHTON-LE-SPRING WHILST STILL LIVING IN HETTON-LE-HOLE.

THE C.W.G.C RECORDS THE FACT THAT HE WAS THE 22 YEAR OLD SON OF MR & MRS T FISHBURN OF, 19 BARRINGTON TERRACE, HETTON DOWNS, HETTON-LE-HOLE, COUNTY DURHAM & HE IS BURIED IN THE BEDFORD HOUSE CEMETERY IN FLANDERS

THE MEDAL IS NEF OR BETTER AND COMES COMPLETE WITH THE FULL LENGTH ORIGINAL SILK RIBBON &
DETAILS FROM BOTH S.D.G.W, C.W.G.C, THE LONDON GAZETTE & THE RECIPIENTS MEDAL INDEX CARD
DETAILS

Item number: 260724124129
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« Reply #81 on: January 25, 2011, 10:38:08 PM »


A Scarce “IMMEDIATE” MILITARY MEDAL, WAR MEDAL & VICTORY MEDAL TRIO to a Lance Corporal
in the 9th Company, MACHINE GUN CORPS for his CONSPICUOUS GALLANTRY at ST. QUENTIN around
21st MARCH 1918, during the Opening phase of 'Operation Michael' - The great German
Spring Offensive.

Consists of MILITARY MEDAL (GvR) with Correctly Impressed naming to :-

8569 PTE - L. CPL. G. KIRKMAN. 9 / M.G.C.
British War Medal & Victory Medal, both with Correctly Impressed naming to :-

8569 PTE. G. KIRKMAN. M.G.C.

All three medals in Nearly Extremely Fine Condition.

Private George Kirkman came from the Island of RHODES in the Aegean Sea,
& served on the Western front with 9th Machine Gun Company, part of 3rd (Regular) Division.
 
He was an early, direct enlistment into the MGC with the Number 8569.
9th Brigade Machine Gun Company arrived in France in early February 1916, confirming his
PAIR.

He was a veteran of many battles including the SOMME in 1916, & in 1917 -
ARRAS, PASSCHENDAELE & CAMBRAI. But it was to be during the German Spring Offensive of 1
918, that Knight would really distinguish himself in action.

On 21st MARCH 1918, the Germans attacked & pressed hard towards St. QUENTIN. Kirkman
helped to man & fire his Vickers gun against the masses of German infantry that were
swamping the British positions. For his Conspicuous Gallantry & Devotion to Duty during
this epic battle for survival, he was Awarded the MILITARY MEDAL for 'BRAVERY IN THE FIELD'. It appeared in the London Gazette on 25th JUNE 1918.

The youngest Regiment of the British army, yet with one of the highest casualty rates.
Known as "The SUICIDE CLUB", the Gun teams of the M.G.C regularly drew unwanted attention
from German artillery, machine gun & rifle fire. Of some 220,000 Officers & men of the
Corps, 170,500 were Killed, Wounded or 'Missing'. Comes with copy entries from the London
Gazette for MM, Medal Index Details, plus Unit & short Divisional history.

A highly desirable MACHINE GUN CORPS MILITARY MEDAL & PAIR to a brave Private & GUNNER on
the Vickers Mk.5, for this Epic battle which slowed the German drive across the SOMME in 1918.
Item number: 220729980638
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« Reply #82 on: January 27, 2011, 03:09:44 PM »

Re: William Mayall post above.

I have managed to look William up in the local archives and the first mention of his MM is on December 29th 1917.  The paper states that he had won the MM for 'devotion to duty under heavy shell fire'.  There isn't any more than that so it looks like this is going to be the full extent of my knowledge unless something else turns up.

Thanks everyone for your help.

Phil
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« Reply #83 on: January 29, 2011, 01:02:12 AM »


An outstanding Australia Battle of Amiens 18th August 1918 Military Medal to

 Private G.E. Barnard, 23rd Australian Infantry, AIF, an original member of the battalion, he served with the ANZAC forces at Gallipoli in September 1915 and later on the Western Front from April 1916. His M.M. was awarded for coolness and courage of the highest order when in the face of heavy machine gun fire and bombing attacks, he ran out a telephone line to within 20 yards of the enemy trenches, and as German reinforcements were coming up called down Stokes mortar fine on them with great success all the while under grenade attack from the enemy trenches.

Military Medal, GVR, correctly named to: (961 PTE G.E. BARNARD. 23/AUST:INF.)

George Edward Barnard was born in Croydon, Surrey, England. He later emigrated to Australia with his parents, settling in Moonee Ponds, Victoria where he worked as a Leadlight importer. With the outbreak of the Great War he enlisted into the Australian Imperial Forces on 9th April 1915, aged 18, giving his next of kin as his father - Joseph Barnard, of Sydenham Street, Moonee Ponds, Victoria.

He joined the 'C' Company, 23rd Infantry Battalion, as a Private (No.961). He was one of the Battalion originals - the 23rd Battalion was raised in Victoria in March 1915 as the third battalion of the 6th Brigade. After initial training it left Australia and arrived in Egypt to complete its training. Barnard embarked from Melbourne on board HMAT A14 Euripides on 10th May 1915.

As part of the 2nd Australian Division, the 6th Brigade landed at Anzac Cove in early September, and the 23rd Battalion was soon manning one of the most trying parts of the ANZAC frontline - Lone Pine. The fighting here was so dangerous and exhausting that battalions were relieved every day. The 23rd manned Lone Pine, alternating with the 24th Battalion, until they left Gallipoli in December 1915.

Barnard himself was admitted to hospital sick with an abscess and diarrhoea on 23rd September 1915, having been admitted to the 6th Field Ambulance a day earlier, and was considered sick enough to be put aboard the hospital ship 'Grampion' and evacuated to England on 28th September being admitted to the 2nd Southern General Hospital at Bristol on 11th October 1915.

The Battalion was posted to France in early 1916, and Barnard rejoined it on 9th March 1916. On 10th April 1916 the Battalion was moved into the line, and occupied forward trenches in the Armentieres sector in northern France. This relatively gentle introduction to the Western Front was followed in July by the battle of the Somme, with the battalion taking part in the horrific battles of Pozieres and Mouquet Farm, after which it was estimated that the Battalion lost 90 percent of its original members, however Barnard made it through unscathed.

After manning the frontline through the bleak winter of 1916-17, the battalion's next trial came at the second battle of Bullecourt in May 1917. After the failure of the first attempt to capture this town, by troops from the 4th Australian Division, the new attack was heavily rehearsed. The 23rd Battalion succeeded in capturing all of its objectives, and holding them until relieved, but, subjected to heavy counter-attacks, the first day of the battle was the battalion's single most costly of the war. Barnard is noted as AWOL from 11th May, however he then appears to have returned from hospital on 18th May. On 19th June he is again admitted to hospital this time suffering from trench fever, being admitted to the 1st London General Hospital. He was continually in and out of hospital through to 13th March 1918 when he rejoined the 23rd Battalion.

In April 1918 the 23rd helped to turn back the German spring offensive, and then took part in the battles that would mark the beginning of Germany's defeat - Hamel, Amiens, and Mont St.Quentin, the fighting for the latter resulting in the battalion's only Victoria Cross, awarded to Private Robert Mactier.

Barnard himself was decorated with the Military Medal for his bravery 'at Herleville, east of Amiens, during operations on the 18th August 1918, this man in the face of heavy machine gun fire, ran out a telephone wire and established a telephone within 20 yards of the enemy. Although the enemy were being reinforced and he was subject to severe bombing he remained at his post and directed the fire of the Stokes guns on the enemy re-inforcements coming forward with great success. His coolness and courage were of the highest standard.' His award was published in the Commonwealth Gazette No.109 on 15th September 1919.

The Battalion fought its last battle around the town of Beaurevoir between 3rd and 4th October. It left the front for the last time on the night of 5th October and was resting when the Armistice was declared on 11th November 1918. The 23rd Battalion was disbanded in Belgium on 30th April 1919, Barnard as one of the originals had returned to Australia on 9th March 1918.

With quantity of research.   

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« Reply #84 on: February 08, 2011, 08:03:31 AM »

Military Medal, George V 1916-1930 issue, attributed, Northumberland Fusiliers casualty, Somme 1916


e to ‘1849 CPL L. WOOD. 5 / NTH’D. FUS: - T.F.’; on original ribbon.

The Military Medal was instituted on 25 March 1916 to be awarded to non-commissioned officers and other ranks for acts of bravery worthy of especial recognition but not meriting the award of the Distinguished Service Medal and was the equivalent of the Military Cross awarded to officers. The Medal became redundant in 1993 when the award of the Military Cross was extended to all ranks.

Corporal Leslie Hope Wood was born at Seaton Burn in Northumberland in late 1890 to John Wood, a coal miner, and his wife Elizabeth. At the outbreak of war, Corporal Hope was a member of the 5th Battalion (Territorial Force), Northumberland Fusiliers. He landed in France on 20 April 1915 (qualifying date for his 1914-15 Star). On 11 September 1916 he was killed in action in the latter stages of the Somme offensive aged 25 and is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial. The award of his Military Medal was listed in the London Gazette on 11 October 1916. He was also entitled to the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal 1914-1920 and the Inter-Allied Victory Medal. Sold with a copy of his Medal Index Card and Commonwealth War Graves Commission Memoriam.
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« Reply #85 on: February 14, 2011, 05:53:35 AM »

Full-size medals, correctly inscribed to S-7234 Pte R. Feld, Rifle Brigade (L.Cpl. on Military Medal). In very good condition. Probably never worn and with original full length silk ribbons. Medals had been cleaned prior to my purchase but absolutely NOT over-cleaned, rubbed or abraded.

The 1901 Census shows Rueben Feld as being 5 yrs old (born 1896). He lived with his parents and five siblings at 182, Brunswick Buildings, Goulston Street, Whitechapel, London. His father, Jacob, then aged 42, worked as a Presser. Born in Poland Jacob appears to be of Jewish decent. Rueben’s mother, Julia, then aged 30, was from Mile End, London. Rueben had three brothers, Harry (aged 7 yrs), Aaron (aged 3 yrs.) and a one year old brother. Additionally he had two elder sisters, Fanny (aged 12 yrs) and Eva (?) aged 10 years. Harry later married and moved to number 126, in the same building.

The brothers Harry and Aaron joined the army during WW1. Harry was Pte 18589 Coldstream Guards and Aaron, Pte. 233753 with the 2nd  London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers). According to their Medal Index Cards, they were both entitled to just the British War Medal and Victory medals, suggesting they joined post-1915. Both were wounded and subsequently discharged, receiving Silver War Badges.

Rueben, aged 18 yrs., joined the 7th (Service) Battalion, Rifle Brigade, which had been raised in Winchester on 21st August 1914 as part of K1 and was attached to 41st Brigade in the 14th (Light) Division. They entered France in May 1915, through the port of Boulogne. Rueben’s MIC shows the actual date as 20th May.

. The 14th (Light) Division served on the Western Front throughout the war. It took part in the following engagements:

1915
The Action of Hooge, in which the Division had the misfortune to be the first to be attacked by flamethrower.
The Second Attack on Bellewaarde

1916
The Battle of Delville Wood*
The Battle of Flers-Courcelette*
The battles marked * are phases of the Battles of the Somme 1916

1917
The German retreat to the Hindenburg Line
The First Battle of the Scarpe**
The Third Battle of the Scarpe**
The battles marked ** are phases of the Arras Offensive
The Battle of Langemark***
The First Battle of Passchendaele***
The Second Battle of Passchendaele***
The battles marked *** are phases of the Third Battles of Ypres

1918
The Battle of St Quentin+
The Battle of the Avre+
The battles marked+ are phases of the First Battles of the Somme 1918

In the above two actions the Division suffered very severe casualties, losing almost 6,000 troops. XLVI and XLVII Brigades RFA lost all their guns. The Division was withdrawn from the line and placed on the construction of a new defensive line in the rear. On 26 April, the infantry battalions were reduced to a training cadre. Various units were temporarily attached before the Division was moved to England for re-establishment on 17 June 1918. The refreshed Division, although still short on numbers, moved back to France and joined Second Army 2-6 July 1918.

The Battle of Ypres 1918 and the final advance in Flanders

1919

On 24 March 1919 the Division ceased to exist, having suffered more than 37,100 casualties during the war.

Supplement 11332 of the London Gazette, dated 2nd November 1917, shows Rueben’s award of the Military Medal. There is no citation but given the usual 3 months lead-in before publication, it is likely he won the M.M. in the Third Ypres offensive, possibly at Pilckem Ridge in early August 1917? Indeed, there were only 72 M.M.s to the 7/RB of which 17 have this London Gazette date.

There is a write up of the 7th Battalions war record in "The Rifle Brigade Chronicle 1920" as well as in "The History of the Rifle Brigade in the War of 1914-1918". They were involved in some of the most significant actions at Hooge 1915, The Somme 1916, Flers Courclette 1916, Arras 1917, Ypres 1917 and the Spring offensive 1918.
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« Reply #86 on: February 22, 2011, 07:07:51 AM »

FOR BRAVERY IN THE FIELD’ to ‘1849 CPL L. WOOD. 5 / NTH’D. FUS: - T.F.


Corporal Leslie Hope Wood was born at Seaton Burn in Northumberland in late 1890 to John Wood, a coal miner, and his wife Elizabeth. At the outbreak of war, Corporal Hope was a member of the 5th Battalion (Territorial Force), Northumberland Fusiliers. He landed in France on 20 April 1915 (qualifying date for his 1914-15 Star). On 11 September 1916 he was killed in action in the latter stages of the Somme offensive aged 25 and is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial. The award of his Military Medal was listed in the London Gazette on 11 October 1916. He was also entitled to the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal 1914-1920 and the Inter-Allied Victory Medal. Sold with a copy of his Medal Index Card and Commonwealth War Graves Commission Memoriam.
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« Reply #87 on: March 10, 2011, 01:13:24 AM »

An original full sized First World War Military Medal (MM) for Bravey In The Field.
Awarded to Corporal John Henry Spencer who served during the Great War
with 'C' Battery 178th Brigade Royal Field Artillery.
He Died of Wounds on 29 November 1917.
Military Medal named in impressed capitals to:

L-8234 CPL J. SPENCER. C. 178 BDE. R.F.A.

UK, Soldiers Died in the Great War, 1914-1919
about John Spencer
Name:   John Spencer
Residence:   Lenton, Nottingham
Death Date:   29 Nov 1917
Death Location:   France & Flanders
Enlistment Location:   Nottingham
Rank:   Corporal
Regiment:   Royal Horse Artillery and Royal Field Artillery
Number:   L/8234
Type of Casualty:   Died of wounds
Theatre of War:   Western European Theatre
Comments:   M.M
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« Reply #88 on: March 20, 2011, 12:17:09 AM »

257206  SAPr F. JEFFREY, 263/RLY COY, R.E.

This is a very scarce Railway Company MM awarded for gallantry on December 8th, 1917 in the Ypres Salient, whilst constructing light rail spurs the party came under heavy shell fire. Sapper Jeffrey was one of those men who reacted positively under fire and jumped out to save his wounded officer. It is the only MM awarded to the unit, until the German Spring Offensives of 1918 when they were involved in evacuating trains and demolishing goods stations and rail supplies as well as rail bridges.

It is easy to under-rate such awards made ot men in the back-areas, but the urge to save the lives of comrades was a very powerful one and was constant across all areas of the battlefield. Some of the most impressive gallantry awards made for WW1 are in fact lifesaving awards, simply because this act above all others represented the willingness of one man to lay down his life for his comrades. Other battlefield acts are carried out with different underlying motivating factors. Lifesaving, I feel, is the closest to true heroism. Here is an extract from a book I'm writing, about the nature of bravery 1914-18:

      "In the early part of December, 1917, the company was losing men to shell fire daily. It was a particularly unpleasant time for them. On the second of the month, one sapper was evacuated wounded to a Casualty Clearing Station (CCS); on the 5th, a 2.Lt. Robinson was evacuated with shell shock. Next day, Corporal MacKay was killed by a shell fragment; the following day 2.Lt. Farrin was mortally wounded, a Sapper was wounded in the head by an aerial bomb and another man was evacuated with shell shock. A third officer was struck off strength due to shell shock the following week and seventeen sappers were evacuated to a CCS on the 19th December. December 21st finds an entry in the unit war diary: "Good progress made on construction of Y.6 Extension Line, despite frequent heavy shelling in clear vision of enemy". This, then was the cause of the casualties, as so much of the work in the Ypres Salient was carried out in full view of the enemy who occupied surrounding ridges and hills. The company received congratulations; "on the progress made on the forward lines, the good finish to the work, and the good management shewn in handling attached labour". On the day after that note was received, 257391 Lance Corporal Baker was posted missing "believed killed". Two days later, his body was discovered in a shell hole, "he having been killed by shrapnel". On Christmas Eve, 1917, 257211 Sapper A. Snow was "mortally wounded by shrapnel and died in a Dressing Station". Four other sappers were evacuated to a Casualty Clearing Station wounded.

      In spite of the operational importance and danger of their tasks, the 263rd Railway Company won just one gallantry award for all their work in the Salient in 1917, it was a Military Medal and was awarded to 257206 Sapper Frank Jeffrey, "for conspicuous gallantry on the day 2.Lt. Farrin was mortally wounded". As is so often the case with the MM, further details are unavailable, but the award was certainly for gallantry under heavy shelling and possibly for attempting to save the life of his officer and other men who may have been part buried by explosions in the forward area. The continual loss of men to shell shock illustrates the strain of working daily for relatively long periods in shelled areas. At least the infantry got regular respite from that".

 
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« Reply #89 on: March 23, 2011, 03:00:40 AM »

‘FOR BRAVERY IN THE FIELD’ centrally, the crowned cipher of King George V above, all within a laurel wreath; attributed on the edge to ‘1849 CPL L. WOOD. 5 / NTH’D. FUS: - T.F.’; on original ribbon.

The Military Medal was instituted on 25 March 1916 to be awarded to non-commissioned officers and other ranks for acts of bravery worthy of especial recognition but not meriting the award of the Distinguished Service Medal and was the equivalent of the Military Cross awarded to officers. The Medal became redundant in 1993 when the award of the Military Cross was extended to all ranks.

Corporal Leslie Hope Wood was born at Seaton Burn in Northumberland in late 1890 to John Wood, a coal miner, and his wife Elizabeth. At the outbreak of war, Corporal Hope was a member of the 5th Battalion (Territorial Force), Northumberland Fusiliers. He landed in France on 20 April 1915 (qualifying date for his 1914-15 Star). On 11 September 1916 he was killed in action in the latter stages of the Somme offensive aged 25 and is remembered on the Thiepval Memorial. The award of his Military Medal was listed in the London Gazette on 11 October 1916. He was also entitled to the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal 1914-1920 and the Inter-Allied Victory Medal. Sold with a copy of his Medal Index Card and Commonwealth War Graves Commission Memoriam.
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