The Manchester Regiment Forum

The Great War => 1914 - 1918 => Topic started by: timberman on March 26, 2018, 08:22:46 PM

Title: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 26, 2018, 08:22:46 PM
 List of Officers that served with the 2nd Battalion the Manchester Regiment in this Topic.

 Some of these will have been covered before on the forum, I'm just consolidating them in one place.
 At the top of each new page will be a list of Officer's covered on that page as follows.

 1) Captain Frank Oswald Medworth served with the 13th and 2nd  Battalions of the Manchester Regiment.
 2) Captain and Adjutant Frank Scobell NISBET 2nd Battalion of the Manchester Regiment

 3) Lieutenant Robert Horridge 4th Battalion Manchester Regiment attached 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment.

 4) Captain Huntly Warwick Nicholson 1st Battalion Cheshire Regiment attached 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment.

 5) Second Lieutenant, Herbert Ronald Farrar 3rd Battalion Leicestershire Regiment. attd. 2nd. Bn. Manchester Regiment.

 6) Second Lieutenant, James Kirk VC 2nd. Bn. Manchester Regiment.
 7) Captain Charles Fitzgerald Hamilton TRUEMAN 2nd. Bn. Manchester Regiment.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 26, 2018, 08:45:21 PM
 1) Frank Oswald Medworth

The following is from the Museums web site for the life of the month.

Early Life
Frank was the son of Joseph Medworth of Mortlake, Surrey and the late Caroline Medworth.
Service Life
Captain Frank Oswald Medworth served with the 2nd and 13th Battalions of the Manchester Regiment. Frank was commissioned on the 24 November 1914 and was quickly promoted. Frank landed in France on the 6 September 1915 before sailing to Salonika, landing in November 1915, where he was wounded.
Returning to active service, Frank won the Military Cross, ‘for conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He commanded the right company in the assault and led his men through the various barrages with very few casualties.
He consolidated his lines with great skill and resource’ (London Gazette: 26 July 1917). Frank joined the 2nd Battalion for duty in Blairville, France on 12 May 1918. For his service in the army, Frank was also awarded the Allied Victory Medal, British War Medal and 1914-1915 Star. Frank’s medals can be seen in the Museum of the Manchester Regiment.
We Shall Remember Him
Frank was 35 years old when he was killed in action on 13 May 1918, just one day after arriving in France.
He is buried in the Cabaret-Rouge British Cemetery - Souchez, France (Grave/ Memorial Reference – VIII. OI).
His Next of Kin Memorial Plaque is on display in the Museum of the Manchester Regiment in the Ladysmith Gallery memorial cabinet drawer 2.

The following is from the London Gazette the citation for his M.C

 Temp. Capt. Frank Oswald Medworth, Manch. R. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He commanded the right company in the assault and led his  men through the various barrages with very few casualties. He consolidated his lines with great skill and resource.

 The first is a photo of him.
 The second and third photos are of his obituaries in the SAR Magazine.

Although it says the 6th September in the Life of the month as his entry
into the theater of war it says 7th on his MIC. 

His entry on the CWGC site

Died 13/05/1918

Aged 35

2nd Bn.
Manchester Regiment


Son of Joseph Medworth, of Mortlake, Surrey, and the late Caroline Medworth.
Previously wounded at Salonika, 1917.

From the War Diaries for the 13/05/1918 .
Battalion in the line, casualties 6 O/R wounded.
Usual patrols out on the Battalions front, wiring
carried out.
Captain F O Medworth MC (commanding C company)
killed at 8-30 pm.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 26, 2018, 09:11:29 PM
2) Captain and Adjutant Frank Scobell NISBET

2nd Manchester Regiment
KIA 26 August 1914, Le Cateau, France
Medals: South Africa, Queen’s Medal (3 clasps), King’s Medal (2 clasps); 1914 Star, Mentioned in Despatches (October 1914)
War Grave: None. La Ferte-sous-Jouarre Memorial

The following is from a PDF on

Frank Nisbet was born on 22 November 1878 at St Luke’s Vicarage in Gloucester, the elder son of Reverend (later Canon) Matthew Alexander Nisbet and his wife Louisa Janey, née Scobell. He was educated at The Grange Preparatory School in Folkestone and, between 1891 and 1894, at Winchester College. In his final year at the school his younger brother died at the age of fourteen. Nisbet determined on a military career and entered RMC Sandhurst, where he captained the Association Football XI and played cricket and golf. He retained a keen interest in these sports during his military career, being a member of the MCC and playing cricket for the Free Foresters and other clubs when quartered in different parts of the country. In 1896 he won the Singles Tournament of the Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club in Deal.
He was gazetted to the 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment in 1898 and was promoted to Lieutenant in July 1899 and to Captain in July 1901. By the time of his second promotion he was serving with the British forces in the Boer War. At first he was given charge of the 17th Brigade’s Ammunition Column, taking part in operations that led to the surrender of Boer forces in the Caledon Valley in August 1900. He subsequently rejoined his battalion during operations in the Orange River Colony. He returned to England in 1902.
In 1912 Nisbet was appointed Adjutant of the 2nd Battalion and thus was responsible for ‘the hundred and one things that is  necessary when a Regiment has orders to mobilise’. The battalion was stationed at the Curragh in Ireland at the outbreak of war. Under the plans for creating a British Expeditionary Force (BEF), the battalion became part of 14th Brigade, 5th Division in II Corps. It arrived at Le Havre on 16 August 1914 and on the 17th entrained, arriving at Le Cateau at noon on the following day. From there the battalion made an eight-hour march to Landrecies, around which the 5th Division was concentrating. After a few days resting, the battalion advanced towards Mons, taking up its assigned position between Jemappes and Bois de Boussu on the Mons-Condé canal during the afternoon of the 22nd.
The 2nd Battalion did not play a major part in the Battle of Mons on 23 August, as 14th Brigade was in reserve. Indeed, the BEF’s first significant clash of arms appears not to have been noticed. The War Diary of another 14th Brigade battalion, compiled after the event, states that ‘The news reached us later that a great battle had been fought from our position on the left to Mons on the right and that certain units had suffered terrible losses’. The 2nd Manchester’s War Diary does not have an entry for 23 August, possibly owing to the notes of events being in Nisbet’s possession when he was killed. That evening, however, despite II Corps holding its own, the great withdrawal began when it was realised that the French Fifth and Fourth Armies, the former after heavy fighting at Charleroi and the latter in the Ardennes, were retreating and had left the BEF’s right flank exposed. There was a real possibility that the BEF could be enveloped and pushed back into Mons.
II Corps withdrew from the trap without too much harm, but the movements in the next forty-eight hours led to both the battalions becoming increasingly separated and a worrying gap of about five miles emerging between the BEF’s two corps. General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien’s orders from GOC Sir John French were to retreat to St Quentin, but in light of the Corps’ inability to throw off the pursuing Germans, he decided that he had to stop and fight. By giving the enemy a bloody nose he might gain time to break contact and allow his exhausted and hungry troops a breathing space. On his own initiative he decided to fight at Le Cateau.
The 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment played a much more prominent role at Le Cateau on 26 August than at Mons. The 5th Division was placed on the right of the line, with 2nd Suffolk’s at the extreme right and 2nd Manchester’s in support. The latter’s War Diary recorded the events: ‘About 10 am Germans advanced, attacking the Suffolk’s and [the RFA] batteries vigorously with shell fire and machine guns. The battalion was ordered to support them and A Company under Captain Trueman went to right and B Company under Captain Knox to left with Captain and Adjutant Nisbet’. The rest of the account concentrates on the right side of the line and there is no account of what happened to B Company. Nisbet’s death was, however, recorded: ‘The casualties in the centre were very heavy, Captain Nisbet being shot through the head and 13 other officers wounded’. Among the wounded was Knox. This may explain why The Bond of Sacrifice account related that Nisbet ‘was killed … while leading a company whose Captain had been put out of action’.
Smith-Dorrien’s decision to fight at Le Cateau was vindicated as II Corps was given some breathing space to continue its retreat to St Quentin the next day as a more cohesive unit. The retreat ensured, however, that Nisbet’s body was never recovered. No doubt it was buried by the Germans or by local inhabitants, but no record of the site exists. Nisbet is thus memorialised on the La Ferte-sous-Jouarre Memorial to the Missing.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 26, 2018, 09:20:30 PM
When it came to deciding on an appropriate memorial to Frank,
the parents chose to erect a stained glass window in memory
of all their dead children.

This was in the form of a beautiful two-light window. The parish
church chosen was St Nicholas in Ringwould, a Cinque Port village
between Deal and Dover, where his father had been Rector.


Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: Keith Brannen on March 27, 2018, 02:49:04 PM

Medworth: "Frank was 35 years old when he was killed in action on 13 May 1918, just one day after arriving in France."

The 2nd Battalion WD has Medworth joining the battalion on 16 April 1918, so it should be "one month after arriving in France".
Also states that he was commanding "C" company when killed.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 27, 2018, 03:04:01 PM
Thanks Keith.

I have files on 50+ Officers that were serving with the 2nd Bn
that I'm adding to this topic. I was originally going to add them
to the snippets by thought this would be better.
So any additional information that can be added will be appreciated.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 28, 2018, 08:33:16 AM
 3) Lieutenant Robert Horridge

Son of Alice M. Horridge, of 19, Glade Street, Park Road, Bolton, Lancashire, and the late Albert Horridge. B.A. 4th battalion Manchester Regiment attached 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment. Of Garthside, Ducie Avenue, Bolton, Lancashire. Killed instantaneously on the evening of 17 November 1914, whilst looking up at an aeroplane, a bullet passing through his forehead at Wulverghem, Belgium.

Bank: Parr’s Bank
Place of work: General Manager's Department, London
Died: 17 November 1914
Robert Horridge was born in Bolton in 1888, the son of Albert Horridge, a tailor, and his wife Alice. He won a scholarship to Manchester Grammar School, and was later awarded an exhibition to study at Wadham College, Oxford. He was successively secretary, treasurer and president of the Old Mancunians' Association in Oxford, and became a member of the University Officers Training Corps. He gained his degree in 1911, and in 1912 went to work for Parr's Bank in its head office general manager's department.
Horridge was a territorial soldier, an officer in the Special Reserve Battalion of the Manchester Regiment. Lieutenant Horridge was mobilised for active service at the outbreak of war in 1914, and was killed in action at Ypres, Belgium on 17 November 1914. He was 26 years old, and was the first man from Parr's Bank to be killed in the war.
His obituary in the bank's staff magazine noted, 'quiet, competent and precise, he combined with a fine modesty undoubted abilities and a certain personal dignity, which was but the token of his unselfish and unassuming character. Only those who knew him well - for he was not the man to talk of himself - were acquainted with his activities as a member of the Cavendish Club and his earnest and painstaking work at various forms of social service'. It went on to conclude, 'we can but feel that the manner of his end was such as he would have wished, for he was a soldier first and a man of business second'.

Additional information.

He was a Philip Wright Exhibitioner of Wadham in 1907 and took his B.A. in classics four years later. He joined the Oxford University O.T.C and was one of the founders of the O.M.A section there. He was in the Parr's Bank London and passed into the special Reserve, Manchester Regiment as second lieutenant. He got his double star in July 1914. He must have been one of the first O.M's to be killed in the war.

His listing on the CWGC.

Died 17/11/1914

Aged 26

4th Bn. attd. 2nd Bn.
Manchester Regiment

Son of Alice M. Horridge, of 19, Glade St., Park Rd., Bolton, and the late Albert Horridge. B.A.


Location: West-Vlaanderen, Belgium
Number of casualties: 79

Cemetery/memorial reference: III. B. 1.

From the War Diaries for 17/11/1914 .
Our trenches were heavily shelled during the day.
Killed Lieut H Nicholson 1/Cheshire Regiment,
Lieut Horridge 4th Battalion Manchester Regiment,
Cpl Faulkner.
Wounded 12 men.
Lieut A J Scully and 2/Lt G Leach admitted to hospital.

As well as Horridge and Faulkner that the War Diaries say
were killed there were two other soldiers that died on the same day.
The following are from my list.

DRANOUTER CHURCHYARD, Heuvelland, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

FAULKNER, Corporal, P, 512, 2nd Bn., Manchester Regiment. 17 November 1914.
Grave Ref. III. B. 2.

HORRIDGE, Lieutenant, ROBERT, 4th Bn. attd. 2nd Bn., Manchester Regiment. 17
November 1914. Age 26. Son of Alice M. Horridge, of 19, Glade St., Park Rd., Bolton,
and the late Albert Horridge. B.A. Grave Ref. III. B. 1.

YPRES (MENIN GATE) MEMORIAL, Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

BURKE, Private, PATRICK, 8999, 2nd Bn., Manchester Regiment. 17 November 1914.
Panel 53 and 55.

DRANOUTRE MILITARY CEMETERY, Heuvelland, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

COTTERILL, Private, WILLIAM FRANCIS, 2719, 2nd Bn., Manchester Regiment. 17
November 1914. Age 19. Son of Hannah Cotterill, of 73, Catherine St., Winton,
Patricroft, Manchester. Grave Ref. I. C. 17.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 29, 2018, 09:12:13 AM
The 1st Battalion Cheshire Regiment Officer was,

4) Captain
Died 17/11/1914

Aged 25

1st Bn.
Cheshire Regiment

Son of Robert Howard Nicholson and Beatrice Susanna Nicholson, of "Aulay," Kidbrook Grove, Blackheath, London. Born at Stonehouse, Devonshire.

There is some dispute as to whether he was with the Cheshire Regiment or the 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.
Although there is nothing in the war diaries that mention him, from when they were mobilized in Ireland to his death in November.
The following is what I've found. (I do believe he was with the 2nd Bn and that is why I've added him to this topic)

Personal History:
Capt Nicholson was born in Stonehouse, Devon in March quarter 1889, the eldest son of Robert Howard Nicholson (a Royal Naval Officer - Staff Surgeon) and Beatrice Susanna Nicholson, later of "Aulay," Kidbrook Grove, Blackheath, London.

In 1891 he was living his mother and younger brother, Douglas, at the home of his grandfather, John Wenman Warwick Green, a retired Royal Naval Officer (Fleet Paymaster), at 49 Kingston Crescent, Portsea, Portsmouth. (1891 Census RG 12/855). Huntley's paternal grandfather was in the army, Captain Huntley Nicholson.

In 1900 a third brother, Arthur L., was born when the family were in Linlithgow, Scotland. In 1901 the family was living at 7 Viewforth Terrace, Aberdour, Fife, Scotland. (CSSCT1901_129) There is no record of Huntly marrying.

Military History:
Currently his Army records are unavailable. His Medal Index Card shows that he entered France as part of the BEF in 1914 and was killed in action on the 17th November.  On that day the Battalion was in trenches at Ypres and the War Diary records:

"Battalion in trenches, started with exceptionally heavy shell fire followed by an infantry attack which however was easily repulsed."

What is unclear is whether or not Lieutenant or Captain Nicholson was serving with the Cheshire Regiment or the 2nd Manchesters at the time. He is not named among the Cheshire's complement of Officers in the draft leaving for the front in August 1914. Neither does his name appear in the Regimental War Diary, either joining as a replacement or named as a casualty.

In the various literatures associated with the battalion at this time he is not named as a casualty and is not named by Crookenden, the front page of his Medal Index Card suggests some movement between the two Regiments and on the back page there is a notation that the Record Office at Preston had forwarded a list of Officers of the 2nd Manchester Regiment eligible for the 1914 Star.

His rank was Captain, he was promoted two days before he was killed and his entry in the London Gazette was in the 9th of December 1914 edition.

The Cheshire Regiment, Lieutenants to be>
Captains: —
K. R. Bently.
H. W. Nicholson.

I've added the MIC as mentioned above he is listed as being with the Manchester regiment.

Click on the photos to make them bigger.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: charlie on March 29, 2018, 12:24:18 PM
All a bit confusing and highlights a problem of researching Officers. They could hold their Commission in one regiment and be serving with another without their Commission being „transferred“ to the new regiment. 

His medals were issued by the Cheshire Regt, there is no mention in the roll of him being attached to the Manchesters, others on the same page record that they were attached elsewhere. Soldiers Effects also records him as Cheshire Regt.

Another oddity is on the 1914 Star roll, 2/Lt has been crossed out and Captain entered, the Star is usually issued with the persons rank when they first entered theatre.
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: PhilipG on March 29, 2018, 04:18:36 PM
                              Huntly Warwick Nicholson

The CWGC record this officer as holding the rank of Captain and being buried at Kandahar Farm Cemetery.

The Roll of Honour section of the History of the Cheshire Regiment in the Great War records his rank as Lieutenant.     His name does not appear in any other place within the History.   PhilipG.§
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 29, 2018, 07:38:22 PM

He was promoted on the 15/11/1914 to Captain, two days before he
was killed and this was back dated to August 1914. This would account
for the 1914 star roll being changed.

I have read the 1st Bn Cheshire Regiment War Diaries from August
to December 1914 with no mention of his name, although there is
mention of unnamed Officers.

In the 2nd Bn War Diaries for the 15th of November 1914 it says that.

Lieut H Nicholson joined, this was two days before he died and the day he was promoted to Captain,
so that may account for any misunderstanding. But it shows he was attached to the 2n Bn and was
fighting with them when he died so I'm glad I've added him to my list.
I do have a few Officers that died while attached to the Bn and will be adding them as well :)

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: PhilipG on March 29, 2018, 09:44:48 PM

Thank you.  PhilipG.
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 30, 2018, 05:08:35 PM
 5) Second Lieutenant, HERBERT RONALD FARRAR,

3rd Bn., Leicestershire Regiment.attd. 2nd. Bn. Manchester Regiment
24 December 1914. Age 27. Son of the Rev. Herbert William and Florence
Margaret Farrar, of Barcombe Rectory, Lewes, Sussex. Born at
South Shields. 25th July, 1887. Grave Ref. II. K. 10.
COXYDE MILITARY CEMETERY, Koksijde, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

The following is part of the information from the Trinity School War Memorial website.

Family Background:

Herbert Ronald Farrar was the son of a vicar; the Rev. Herbert W. Farrar, of St. James’, Carlisle. Herbert Farrar Senior (known as Bill) was also the son of a vicar (Wesley Farrar) and had been born in Norfolk but was living in Durham by the time of the 1871 Census and then in Barrow (1881), Durham (1891) and London (1901). Vicars do tend to be moved around a lot! “Ronald was born at South Shields, County Durham, the second child of the Rev. Farrar’s second marriage, to Florence Margaret Town. He had two sisters, May Renny Annandah (born 1886) and Winifred Margaret (born 1888). He also had a younger brother, Sydney Gelder Farrar (born 1892), who also served as a Second Lieutenant during the Great War.” Interestingly, young Ronald was living with his maternal grandmother, Florence Margaret Town, when he was three years old. Annandale Town had been a Master Partner in a Paper Mills Firm. His grandmother was living at 64 Jesmond Road, Jesmond, near Newcastle. She was a widow, “of independent means”, and shared her house with three grown up children, a cook and a housemaid. Ronald’s time with his grandmother was perhaps because his father was chaplain to the Mission to Seamen on the Tyne. “Ronald moved with his family to Carlisle in 1893, when his father was appointed vicar there. In 1898 his father was appointed Superintendent Chaplain to the Missions to Seamen, this meant a move south to Dalmore Road, West Dulwich, South East London, and Ronald was enrolled at Dulwich College, arriving in May, in time for the start of the summer term. By spring 1901, the family had moved to Thurlow Park Road, Lambeth, where every family had a housemaid and cook. His younger brother Sydney joined him at Dulwich College in 1905, the year before Ronald left in April 1906

Academic Record:

Ronald was not a pupil at Carlisle grammar school for very long. After moving to Dulwich School, “he studied the Classics, with a view to going to University. He went up to his father’s college of Queens’ in Cambridge in 1906. While there he served as a Sergeant in the University Officers’ Training Corps (O.T.C.), and graduated with a B.A. in 1910

War Service:
On the day that war was declared, August 4 1914, aged twenty six, Ronald volunteered for service in the Public Schools Battalion. Although he was said not to be physically strong, his experience in the O.T.C. at Cambridge led to a probationary commission as a 2nd lieutenant in the 3rd (Reserve) Battalion of the Leicestershire Regiment He left for France on October 27. He was attached to the 2nd Battalion Manchester regiment, and was put in charge of two platoons and shot two Germans. By December 1 1914 the battalion had reached Dranoutre, near Ypres, Belgium and were resting in their billets. During the next week they received an ‘appreciative address’ from their commanding officer, took in reinforcements and, according to the battalion’s war diary records, they played football. As the month progressed, they moved from trench to trench under regular shellfire. ‘The division was now holding a line from La Petite Douve in a northwest direction up the slope to the Wulverghem-Mesines road and to the east to Hill 75,covering a front of about 3,500 yards. The weather was wet and cold, and the trenches were knee-deep in mud and water’.*
They received a break from the action during the week before Christmas when they “rested in billets” and attended a church parade at the Convent of St.Antoine, Locre on December 20. Hot baths could be taken at the convent for one franc (soap & towels not included), and with the opportunity to have meals there, providing a welcome break from the regular fare.
Returning to the front, the battalion moved to trenches east of Lindenhoek on December 23 and on Christmas Eve took over old trenches at Wulvergham from the Bedford regiment. The weather changed to a hard frost, making trench conditions a little more bearable than the sticky mud they were used to under foot. The sound of carols and hymns could be heard from the trenches on both sides, and the heavy guns stopped firing during the unofficial ‘Christmas Truce’. German troops coming into the lines brought Christmas trees to place on their parapets. But vigilance was still necessary. Records show that even on this day of low fatalities, 98 British soldiers died, many the victims of sniper fire. The battalion war diary records that amongst the unlucky few to die that day were 2nd Lt.H.R.Farrar and Sergt. Williams. Ronald was buried on Christmas Day 1914, in Dranoutre churchyard “close to (the) wall and near a crucifix attached to south wall, in the presence of “the general and officers of his regiment.” A brief notice of his death appeared amongst the list of “Fallen Officers” in The Times of December 30. In 1923 nineteen graves from the churchyard were moved to enable the rebuilding of the church. The bodies were re-interred in row K at Dranoutre Military Cemetery.”  His family had “A man greatly beloved” inscribed on his gravestone

From the War Diary for the 24th December 1914.

Took over the old trenches at Wulvergham from the Bedfoed Regiment.
Killed 2/Lt H R Farrar (3rd Leics Reg attd 2nd Bn Manchester Regiment)
and 4170 Sergt Williams.
Wounded 1 man who sadly died of his wounds on the 25th December of wounds.

DRANOUTRE MILITARY CEMETERY, Heuvelland, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium

WILLIAMS, Serjeant, W, 4170, 2nd Bn., Manchester Regiment. 24 December 1914.
Grave Ref. II. K. 9.

ROBINSON, Private, G, 6470, 2nd Bn., Manchester Regiment. 25 December 1914.
Grave Ref. II. K. 8.

FARRAR, Second Lieutenant, HERBERT RONALD, 3rd Bn., Leicestershire Regiment.
attd. 2nd. Bn. Manchester Regiment 24 December 1914. Age 27. Son of the Rev. Herbert
William and Florence Margaret Farrar, of Barcombe Rectory, Lewes, Sussex. Born at
South Shields. 25th July, 1887. Grave Ref. II. K. 10.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 01, 2018, 05:04:41 PM
 6) James Kirk VC

1897 - 1918

The supreme contempt of danger and magnificent self-sacrifice displayed by this gallant officer prevented many casualties'
James Kirk died tragically young and is the only one of the Tameside VC's to have been awarded the medal posthumously. His death came shortly before the end of the First World War.
 Kirk was born in Cheadle Hulme and educated in the town, and later in Stockport. On moving to Edge Lane, Droylsden he continued his education at the North Road United Methodist School at Clayton. He is remembered as being a keen and successful sportsman.
His first employment was as a clerk for Ogden and Madeley's Warehouse in Manchester but following the onset of war he enlisted in the 2/6th Battalion of the Manchester Regiment and joined the 1/6th Battalion in the Dardanelles in 1915.
Whilst in Gallipoli he suffered severe frostbite resulting in hospitalisation in Cairo throughout November and December 1915. Whilst there he joined the newly formed Camel Transport Corp as an acting Quartermaster-Sergeant and served with them for a year until rejoining the 1/6th Battalion on their move to France in January 1917.
In June 1918 he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant and returned to France on 8th October to join 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment. For his bravery four weeks later he was awarded the Victoria Cross. The citation reads:
 'For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty North of Ors, France, on 4 November 1918, whilst attempting to bridge the Oise Canal with wooden floats linked together. To cover the bridging of the canal Lieutenant Kirk took a Lewis Gun, and under intense machine-gun fire, paddled across the canal on a raft, and at a range of ten yards expended all his ammunition. Further ammunition was paddled across to him and he continuously maintained covering fire for the bridging party from a most exposed position until he was instantaneously wounded in the face and arm, then killed at his gun by a machine-gun bullet to the head.
The supreme contempt of danger and magnificent self-sacrifice displayed by this gallant officer prevented many casualties and enabled two platoons to cross the bridge before it was destroyed.'
The war poet Wilfred Owen whose work features in the Museum of the Manchesters in Ashton died alongside Kirk. They were buried at the English Communal Cemetery at Ors.
Seven days after Kirk's death was Armistice Day - the end of the war. It should have been a day of rejoicing in Droylsden but people were saddened as news of the death of their local soldier reached them. A letter from Kirk's Commanding Officer to James Kirk Senior sent consolation and a tribute :
'His action was that of a true British soldier and will remain long in the memory of all who saw it.'

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 02, 2018, 09:14:11 PM
 Captain Charles Fitzgerald Hamilton TRUEMAN 2nd. Bn. Manchester Regiment.

Life of the Month from the Museum of the Manchester Regiment web site.

Charles was the son of the late Lieutenant Colonel Hamilton and Mrs C. Hamilton Trueman of Oakwell-in-the-Blean, Canterbury, Kent.
Charles was 37 years old when he was killed in action during the Battle of Le Cateau on 26 August 1914. He is buried in Le Cateau Military Cemetery, France (Grave/Memorial Reference – III.A.3). Other material relating to Charles can be seen in Tameside Local Studies and Archives Centre - MR/16). His Next of Kin Memorial Plaque is on display in the Museum of the Manchester Regiment in the Forshaw Gallery.
Charles was born on the 22nd March 1877 in Devonport near Plymouth in Devon. His father was called Charles Hamilton and his mother was Dorothea Magdalena. He had an older sister called Mary Penelope Florence and 3 younger siblings: Henry John Hamilton, Arthur Philip Hamilton and James Fitzgerald Hamilton. The family had lost one other child by 1911. We don't know their name.
Charles Hamilton had served as an officer in the 32nd (Cornwall Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot and reached the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. By 1881 he had retired to Oakwell in the Blean House in Tyler Hill near Canterbury, Kent. He was now a 'farmer of 111 acres employing 1 bailiff, 4 men and 1 boy'. The house and land had been a wedding present when Charles Hamilton's father (Charles Joseph) had married.
Charles was educated at King's School in Canterbury. He then decided to follow in his father's footsteps and train to become an Army officer. He entered the Royal Military College at Sandhurst in January 1896. He did well in his training and was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment on the 9th September 1897.
We don't know why Charles chose the Manchester Regiment. He had a loose family link to the area, as his great-grandfather Thomas Wesley Trueman had been a merchant in Manchester. Although officers and soldiers could apply to join any regiment Charles' descendants believe this connection helped make up his mind.
Charles left the UK soon after he was commissioned. He sailed to Aden, now in Yemen, at the end of October and joined the 2nd Battalion of the Manchester Regiment there. The battalion had just left India after many years and was to spend around a year in Aden. Charles was promoted to Lieutenant on the 17th August, and travelled back to the UK with the 2nd Battalion during November 1898.
The 2nd Battalion was stationed in Manchester, Lichfield in Staffordshire and Dublin, Ireland over the next 18 months. During 1899 Charles travelled to the Army School of Physical Training at Aldershot in Hampshire and qualified as a gymnastics instructor with a 1st Class pass.
Over the course of 1899 tensions between British and Boer settlers in South Africa were rising. War broke out in October 1899. The first few months of the war saw a number of significant defeats for the British, and they began sending as many soldiers as possible to the country.
The vast distances in South Africa meant that the Army needed more mounted soldiers. Each battalion being sent to South Africa was ordered to convert a Company into Mounted Infantry. Mounted Infantry were not cavalry; they would still fight on foot with rifles. Their horses allowed them to cover ground more quickly and comfortably. H Company of the 2nd Battalion was chosen, of which Charles was a member.
The battalion set sail on the 16th March 1900. They arrived in the country during April 1900 and fought there for the rest of the war. Charles and the Mounted Infantry Company were present at the fighting around Wittebergen in July, and then spent most of the rest of the war taking part in long patrols intended to find and pin down the Boers, who fought in small groups as guerrillas. This was difficult, tiring work, but there were few large battles. They also served as guards in the blockhouses and fence lines that restricted the Boer's movements.
Charles was promoted to Captain on the 9th January 1901. He continued to serve in South Africa until the 8th November, when he was sent back to the UK.
The Boer War had led to the Government increasing the size of the Army. Two battalions of the Manchester Regiment were among the new units formed. Charles had been sent home to join the 4th Battalion at Kinsale in Ireland.
In June 1902 Charles qualified as an Instructor of Musketry. This allowed him to supervise soldiers undergoing training in rifle shooting. Over the next 3 years he also began to take examinations so that he would eventually become eligible to be promoted to Major. As well as his professional interests, Charles was a keen singer and piano player. He had his piano installed in the Officer's Mess Ante-room early in 1904, so 'we have great music every night'.
In October 1905 the 4th Battalion left Ireland for Aldershot. The Boer War had ended in a British victory in May 1902, so the extra battalions were no longer needed. They were disbanded in 1906, and Charles rejoined the 2nd Battalion, who were split between the Channel Islands of Guernsey and Alderney. We don't know where Charles was based.
The battalion returned to England in late 1907 and was stationed at Portsmouth in Hampshire. Charles left them in April 1908 and travelled to Aldershot. He had been appointed Superintendent of Gymnasia for Aldershot Command. A large number of soldiers were based in and around Aldershot, and keeping them fit through gymnastics and sport was of vital importance. Charles was Superintendent until the 31st August 1909, and then became Assistant Inspector of Gymnasia in the same location until the 22nd April 1912.
When the 1911 Census was taken in April Charles was visiting Mary Haynes at her home in Cricket Hill, Yateley, Hampshire. This is very close to the Royal Military College where Charles had trained, although we don't know how they knew each other.
After he left Aldershot Charles returned to the 2nd Battalion, who were now at The Curragh Camp in County Kildare, Ireland. By 1913 Charles was a member of the Battalion Sports Committee, as well as a keen golfer and cricketer. He was also able to demonstrate his singing talents during a series of popular concerts held in the battalion's Recreation Room. At one concert 'he gave us the song 'A Pair of Sparkling Eyes' from 'The Gondoliers'' by Gilbert and Sullivan. He 'assisted in making these concerts a success'.
Charles was on the team that won the Inter-Regimental Golf Cup for the 2nd Battalion in 1913. The next year he was a member of the cricket team. Professionally, by the middle of 1914 Charles was the Officer Commanding A Company.
The First World War broke out on the 4th August and the 2nd Battalion was ordered to mobilise and proceed overseas. The battalion arrived in Le Havre, France on the 16th August and disembarked and unloaded their equipment overnight. They were then taken by train to Le Cateau and began marching towards the Mons-Conde Canal at Warmes and the invading German Army.
The 2nd Battalion first saw action on the 23rd August as the British encountered the Germans and began to fall back. They retreated over the next 3 days until they were back at Le Cateau. The British decided to make a stand here on the 26th.
The Battle of Le Cateau was fought against heavy odds against a much larger German force. The 2nd Battalion was held in reserve at first, but heavy German attacks forced them to support their comrades in the front line. Charles led his company to the right of the British positions. The German attack was concentrated on this area though, and as more and more men were killed and wounded it became clear that the British could not hold on. More German units were beginning to outflank the battalion's position, so it was decided to retreat.
Charles was not with the battalion when they left the battlefield. He had been seen to be wounded, and was reported missing, but it soon became clear that he had been killed. He was 37 years old. He had never married and had no children.
The 2nd Battalion lost around 350 men killed, wounded or missing at Le Cateau, out of a total strength of just over 1000. The battle had slowed the German advance, and bought time for the British and French to regroup and stop the German advance at the Battle of the Marne in early September.
Charles' body was later found and he was buried in Le Cateau Military Cemetery. The area was occupied by the Germans throughout the war, and they originally laid out the cemetery. His modern grave reference is III. A. 3. Charles is one of 511 British and Commonwealth soldiers buried there.
Dorothea died on the 19th November 1914 aged 67. It is believed that the shock of Charles' death was responsible. Charles Hamilton was 77 when he died on the 14th February 1917.
Like their older brother Henry and Arthur also became Army officers. Henry was commissioned in the 43rd Erinpura Regiment of the Indian Army. During the First World War he fought in Mesopotamia, now called Iraq.
Arthur reached the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in The Buffs (East Kent Regiment). He also saw service during the First World War. He survived the war, but both he and his wife Violet Victoria died on the 26th November 1918 in Mansfield, Nottinghamshire. They were victims of the Spanish Flu pandemic that swept the globe in 1918 and 1919.
If he had lived Charles would have inherited Oakwell in the Blean from his father, but now it went to his younger brother Henry. Henry's only child Jean Hamilton Trueman inherited the house after he died in 1922. Although the Trueman name ended when she married Rodolf Cecil Drummond Haig in 1935, the house is still owned by the family as of 2013.
Charles' medals were donated to the Museum of the Manchester Regiment in January 1989.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 14, 2018, 08:16:50 AM
List of Officers that served with the 2nd Battalion the Manchester Regiment in this Topic.

 Some of these will have been covered before on the forum, I'm just consolidating them in one place.
 At the top of each new page will be a list of Officer's covered on that page as follows.

 1) Captain  MANSERGH CUTHBERT FOWKE, 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

 2) James Leach VC  2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

 3) Lieutenant James Crosbie Caulfield ASC att. 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

 4) Lieutenant Claude Lysaght Mackay 2nd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment att. 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

 5) 2nd Lieutenant Arthur Grant Bourne Chittenden, 2nd Bn, Manchester Regiment

 6) Captain William Gabriel King-Peirce 3rd (Reserve) Battalion, attached to 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment.

 7) 2nd Lieutenant Walter Balshaw, 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.

 8, Captain Hardress Edmund Waller 2nd Battalion York and Lancaster Regiment attached 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

 9) Captain (Reverend) William Kay, DSO, MC. 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.

 10) Captain Wilmsdorff George Mansergh 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.

 11) Captain Thomas Walker Browne RAMC, attached to the 2nd Bn Manchester Regiment.

 12)  Lieutenant Victor Comley McKiever 3rd Bn attached 2nd Bn Manchester Regiment.
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 14, 2018, 08:20:56 AM
Captain  MANSERGH CUTHBERT FOWKE, 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

Died 30/08/1914

Aged 31

2nd Bn.
Manchester Regiment
Son of Charles Henry Folliot Fowke and Eliza Fowke, of Wolverhampton. Served in the South African Campaign, also in the Somaliland Campaign (1909-1913), with 4th King's African Rifles.

I think the following came from the GWF? I will recheck the information against the War Diary

Son of Charles Henry Folliot Fowke and Eliza Fowke, of Wolverhampton. Served in the South African Campaign, also in the Somaliland Campaign (1909-1913), with 4th King's African Rifles. - see CWGC website - date of date 30 August 1914.
In WESTLAKE's book British Battalions in France and Belgium 1914 - there is passing reference to him on page 263, which deals with the movements of the 2nd Bn. Manchester Regt who arrived at Havre from the Curragh in Ireland on 16th August, 1914:
From the 22nd Aug: 'Advanced to Hainin and took up support positions along the Mons-Conde Canal. Enemy attacked (23rd). Covered withdrawal of forward troops, then fell back to Dour. Casualties 12 killed or wounded. Dug defensive positions near Wasme (24th). Came under heavy shell fire then ordered to retire via Dous to line near Houdain. Withdrew to Bavai (25th) then via Montay to bivouacs in a field, north west of Le Cateau at the junction of the Cambrai and Bavai roads. Enemy attacked (26th) and Battalion moved to the rear of 2nd Suffolk on right of Reumont- Montay road in support. Ordered to withdraw during afternoon and fell back to Maretz. Casualties - Captain NISBET and TRUMANN, Lieutenants BRODERIBB and MANSERGH killed, Captain FOWKE mortally wounded, 9 other officers wounded, 339 ORs killed, wounded or missing. Continued retreat to St Quentin (27th) Pontoise (28th) Carlepont (29), Bitry (30th).

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 14, 2018, 09:32:28 PM
James Leach VC

This is an article by Captain Robert Bonner and can be read at the following link.

Part one

Following the declaration of war with Germany on 4 August 1914 the 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment, then stationed at Mullingar, Ireland, received its orders to mobilise for active service. On the 13th the battalion entrained for Dublin, leaving Ireland on the 14th and arriving at Le Havre during the afternoon of the 16th. Since their arrival they had fought at Mons, stood the brunt of the battle of Le Cateau, taken part in the terrible retreat that followed and fought again on the Marne and the Aisne. From 11 October the 2nd Battalion had been undergoing severe fighting a few miles to the north-east of Bethune and had suffered heavy casualties. At about 4.30 am on the 22nd the battalion was ordered to Festubert as divisional reserve. On their way they were ordered to make a counter-attack to assist 15 Infantry Brigade in the vicinity of Rue Du Marais. They eventually checked the enemy advance by maintaining a line within one hundred yards of them until midnight.
Historic Occasion
Now, a battalion of worn-out and exhausted men, they were ordered the following day to withdraw and hold a new line which had previously been prepared by the Royal Engineers and which extended half-a-mile along the road leading north from the cross roads one mile east of Festubert. They continued to hold this position for the next few days with just a few casualties. On the 26th the 1st Battalion Manchester Regiment took over trenches to the left of the 2nd Battalion. This was a historic occasion being the first time that the two battalions had met since Alexandria in 1882. Unfortunately there were many casualties resulting from heavy enemy shelling. Shelling continued on the 27th. Through every hour of 28th October the German artillery continued shelling their trenches, thumping at the thin line of the 2nd Manchesters. It continued throughout the night and redoubled in intensity on the morning of the 29th.
In the thin light of dawn the German infantry attacked in overpowering strength against the centre and right of the Manchesters and against the Devons on their right. Soon intense hand to hand fighting took place in the front line trenches manned by ‘A’ Company. The Germans succeeded in occupying the centre forward trench in the charge of newly commissioned 2nd Lieutenant James Leach; but the right forward trench, commanded by Captain Evans (1), repulsed the attack made on them. Leach and his men withdrew to their support trench where they gathered themselves and were able to prevent a German attempt to over-run their new position, driving the enemy back to the trench which they had just won. 2nd Lieutenant Bentley (2) and Lieutenant and Adjutant Reade (3) plus eighteen rank and file were killed in this action.
It was now determined to try and retake the trench occupied by the enemy. Leach accompanied by Sergeant Hogan, a quiet veteran of the Boer War, and ten of his men who volunteered to go, went forward but the Germans, determined to hold on to what they had won, made a spirited defence and another two Manchesters went down under this hail of fire. It was certain death to go on and the Manchesters withdrew. Once again the Lieutenant, Sergeant and their volunteers went forward with great courage but the enemy were too well placed, the fire too strenuous and hot; the counter-attack failed once more.
Fighting from Traverse to Traverse
 Leach and Hogan decided to have one further attempt but this time they decided that numbers were an obstacle and meant more chance of losing lives. At about 3.30pm the two went out alone, creeping along the communication trench until they reached the forward trench. Fighting from traverse to traverse they gradually drove the Germans back in a frenzy of firing. Deaf, dazed but resolute the two brave men fought their way through the narrow confines of the trench. Leach, armed with a revolver, was able to shoot around the corner of the traverses without exposing himself whilst Hogan watched the parapet to ward off any attack from above, since it was quite possible that the Germans might climb out of the trench and attack the two from above or behind; nothing untoward happened and they advanced to the next section. Taking their stand at the next corner they repeated the manoeuvre, Leach now having to fire round the corner with his left hand. During their progress Hogan put his cap on the end of his rifle raising it above the parapet with the object of letting his comrades know how far they had progressed so that they would not fire on the area of the trench which had been retaken. All the time the Germans kept up, what Hogan later described as an inferno of bullets, and at places there was fierce hand to hand fighting between the enemy and the two Manchesters. Eventually the Germans were driven back into the left traverse and could go no further and it was at this stage that they gave up. Eight of the enemy had been killed, sixteen unwounded men and two wounded taken prisoner.(4)
 In a later interview Leach described how having driven the enemy through to the last traverse he was surprised to hear a voice calling in English ‘Don’t shoot, Sir! The speaker turned out to be one of his own men who had been taken prisoner in the morning. He had been sent forward by the German officer to say that they wished to surrender. Leach made them take of their equipment and run back to the main British trench. When the two emerged from the trench neither had been wounded although Leach’s cap had been knocked to pieces and the scarf he had worn round his neck shredded. Some companies of the Bedford Regiment and Munster Fusiliers came up in support of the Manchesters, and about midnight the line of trenches had been taken over by 2nd Battalion 8th Gurkhas. Both James Leach and John Hogan were recommended for the award of the Victoria Cross which was gazetted on 22 December 1915.
The citation for the award reads:
For conspicuous bravery near Festubert on the 29th October 1914, when after their trench had been taken by the Germans and after two attempts at recapture had failed, they voluntarily decided to recover the trench themselves, and working from traverse to traverse at close quarters with great bravery, they gradually succeeded in regaining possession, killing eight of the enemy, wounding two and making sixteen prisoner.
On 16 November the battalion took over trenches from the French to the east of  Wulverghem where for the next 48 hours they were very heavily shelled. Lieutenants Robert Horridge (5), H W Nicholson (6) and Corporal P Faulkner were all killed and twelve men wounded. Lieutenant A J Scully (7) and 2nd Lieutenant Leach were both admitted to hospital. On 18 November Leach was shown to be suffering from concussion and two days later was sent home and admitted to the Lady Evelyn Mason's Hospital for Officers at 16 Bruton Street, London.
The 2nd Battalion war diary of 30 December records receiving a telegram dated 26.12.1914 from 14 Infantry Brigade:
2/Lieut J E Leach and No. 9016 Sergt J Hogan both 2nd Manchester Regiment awarded Victoria Cross for conspicuous bravery near Festubert on 29th October. Notification appeared in London Gazette dated 22nd December. Convey Divisional and Brigade Commanders warmest congratulations.
In the same war diary Lieut Colonel James includes:
The Commanding Officer is very pleased to have received the highly favourable remarks by the Corps, Divisional and Brigade Commanders recently issued on the behaviour of the Battalion in the field which has culminated in the bestowal by His Majesty of the Victoria Cross to 2/Lieut J E Leach and No. 9016 Sergeant J Hogan. While single deeds are thus rewarded, we must remember the record of a Regiment is the combined result of cheerful effort and unfailing devotion to duty, on all and every occasion both in the field, in billets and in barracks of every individual member of the battalion.

James Leach – Early Life

James Edgar Leach was born at Bowerham Barracks. Lancaster on 27 July 1892. At the time his father, then age 32, was a Colour-Sergeant in the King’s Own (Royal Lancaster) Regiment (8 ) and had married Amelia Summerfield in 1891. James had three younger brothers William, Robert and Cecil and a young sister Louisa Victoria,(9) all born in Lancaster and living at the barracks. James went to school at Bowerham Council School from July 1897 until July 1901. When James was born his father was away on active service with the 4th Militia Battalion King’s Own in South Africa.(10) The battalion returned to England in late July 1901 and it is likely that Colour Sergeant Leach then took his discharge from the Regiment as Mrs Leach with her children moved to Manchester in July 1901. Nine year old James went to Moston Lane Municipal School (11) from the day that it first opened on 20th August 1901 until leaving in 1907 when it is understood that the family moved to Leicester. His brothers William and Robert were also educated at this school. His headmaster at the time, Albert Mercer, later described the young Leach as having been ‘a quiet gentlemanly boy, never in a scrape’. 
Three years later in August 1910 Leach enlisted at Northampton in the Army Reserve joining the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment on a six year engagement. On his enlistment papers Leach gave his trade as fishmonger. Whilst in the Special Reserve he obtained his Army 2nd and 3rd Class Certificates of Education and the 1st Class Certificate on 31 May 1911. This initial experience of soldiering must have suited the young man as on 22 December he enlisted in the regular army on a seven years engagement with the Colours and five in the Reserve, reporting at the Regimental Depot of the Northamptonshires two days later. His choice of Regiment could have been influenced by his Mother’s connections with Northampton where she had been born.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 14, 2018, 09:40:37 PM
James Leach VC

Part two

In January 1911 Leach joined 2nd Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment, transferring to the 1st Battalion on 15 March. Promotion quickly followed and in November 1911 he was appointed Lance Corporal and in February 1913 (12) awarded the Acting School Masters Certificate. He passed classes of instruction in Transport Duties in November 1913 and in Sanitary and Water Duties in February 1914. Promotion to full Corporal followed in June 1914. His military employment sheet for March and April 1914 show him as being ‘clean, sober, reliable, hardworking. Trained as battalion scout, has a schoolmaster’s certificate and is employed as a signaller’. His father died in Leicester in 1913 and his mother at about the same time.
At the outbreak of war in August 1914 Corporal (9265) Leach J was serving with the 1st Battalion in Blackdown, Aldershot. The Northamptonshires were part of 2nd Brigade in 1st Division and following mobilisation they landed at Le Havre, France on 13 August. Although they were present at Mons, the battalion had not been engaged and went through the great retreat with just a handful of casualties. All this changed on 10 September when the battalion, acting as part of the advanced guard for the Division, moved forward to Courchamps and was engaged in the action at Priez. The battle of the River Aisne commenced on the 13th lasting until the 18th and it was for his bravery and distinguished conduct during the days of battle that Leach was promoted Sergeant. He was also Mentioned in Despatches. (LG: 17.2.1915 p167) Promotion in the field quickly followed for three of the Northamptonshires when Company Sergeant-Major Phillpot, Company Quartermaster-Sergeant Eden and Sergeant Leach were selected to be awarded immediate commissions for their services in the field. On 1st October Leach was commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment; hardly given time to obtain his new uniform he joined 2nd Manchesters at Dieval on 9 October.
Ill-health and Tragedy
As a result of the close quarter fighting on 29 October Leach received treatment for concussion at the Lady Evelyn Mason's Hospital in London. He was discharged on 11 December 1914 and waited for a medical Board at Caxton Hall to be held on 17 December. Whilst convalescing in England he was temporarily placed on the strength of the 3rd Reserve Battalion Manchester Regiment (13) at Cleethorpes. His promotion to Lieutenant was made on 11 December 1914. Leach went to Manchester on 12 February 1915 and visited Moston Lane School where the boys enjoyed an hour of excited hero-worship – to quote the report in the Manchester Guardian of 13 February. A Guard of Honour, composed of Boy Scouts, met him at the school and after speaking to the boys he was presented with a fountain pen subscribed to by the boys and masters. The boys were given a half-day’s holiday in his honour whilst their hero went on a recruiting tour of Manchester. The following day to London to receive his decoration from King George V at Buckingham Palace.(14) Three days later he addressed an open air meeting in St Peter’s Square, Manchester.
 Leach was back in France with 2nd Manchesters on 15 April 1915 rejoining the battalion in trenches in the Ypres area where they relieved the 1st East Surreys. His health was certainly still causing problems as the battalion war diary records on the17th 2/Lieut J E Leach VC to hospital sick. So within a week of having returned to the front he sailed from Boulogne on the St Andrew on 20 April for England. Following a medical board in June he was reported as being fit for light duty in the open air but not to be detailed for duty with the Expeditionary Force until reported fit for service abroad pending another medical board to be held on 21 July. The result of this board held at Purfleet was that he had been granted sick leave until 1 September. However this was cut short as he received a telegram from the War Office instructing him to report on 20 August to the Army School of Signalling, then based in Caius College, Cambridge.
Four months later his first marriage took place in Cambridge on 23 December 1915 when he married a local girl Gladys Marguarite Digby. The following month he and his 19 year old wife visited Lancaster where the new local hero was presented by the Lord Mayor with an illuminated address and a solid silver tea tray and service from the citizens of Lancaster. Mrs Leach was also presented with a handbag containing a gift of treasury notes. However this was to be a brief marriage as Gladys Leach died shortly afterwards.(15)
Quite when his appointment with the Signalling School terminated is not known but he was promoted temporary Captain on 1 January 1917. Presumably through his posting to the 3rd Battalion at Cleethorpes he had met Josephine Pansy Butt the younger daughter of William Walter Butt, a wealthy trawler owner living at Fernlea, 47 Wellholme Road, Grimsby. They were married at the Parish Church in Old Clee, a village between Cleethorpes and Grimsby on 3 March 1917.
It was a short honeymoon and Captain Leach was back in France on 24 March, re-joining 2nd Manchesters on 15 April when the battalion returned to the trenches after three days rest and relieved the 1st East Surrey Regiment. Shortly afterwards he was sent on a Lewis Gun course and was back with the battalion on 19 June. On 24 August he was given UK leave until 2 September but at his own request this was also extended for the purpose of medical examinations. Following yet another medical board Leach was declared unfit for General Service duties and remained in the UK on three months light duties. His mental health was undoubtedly proving to be of great concern and during this period he spent some time in convalescence at Craiglockhart Hospital in Edinburgh. Whilst there he was pronounced permanently unfit for service and temporarily placed on 12 months half-pay of three shillings a day.
 His military service was rapidly coming to an end but in March 1918 Captain Leach was appointed Adjutant of the South West London Cadet Battalion affiliated to the 23rd London Regiment. On 24 July Lieutenant Colonel Myers of the Medical Headquarters New Zealand Expeditionary Force in London wrote to the War Office stating that Captain Leach VC had reported to him asking for a medical inspection prior to his next medical board and stated that this was desired by his medical board. This had been done and the report enclosed. The following day Leach applied to the War Office to be retired from the Army on account of medical unfitness.(16) Three months later approval was given for him to retire on retired pay on account of ill health contracted on active service. He was discharged in August 1918.
The Leach’s first son, James Walter Barry Leach,(17) was born on 1 June 1918 at 118 Norfolk House Road, Streatham and it is likely that the family then moved up to Grimsby to be near his wife’s family. After eight years army service it is probable that Leach found suitable civilian employment difficult to find during 1919 and 1920 but the life of the family was soon to change.
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 14, 2018, 09:43:45 PM
James Leach VC

Final part

Auxiliary Force
Over the water in Ireland the Rule of Law was rapidly becoming non-existent. Between 30 June 1919 and 30 June 1920 some eighty members of the Royal Irish Constabulary and the British forces had been killed and the authorities showed little sign of control. On 11 May 1920, the Secretary of State for War, Winston Churchill, suggested the formation of a "Special Emergency Gendarmerie, which would become a branch of the Royal Irish Constabulary." No decision was taken at the time but in July the scheme was justified on the grounds that it would take too long to reinforce the Royal Irish Constabulary with ordinary recruits. The new ‘Auxiliary Force’ would be strictly temporary: its members would enlist for a year: pay would be £7 per week (twice what a constable was paid), plus a sergeant's allowances, and the men would be known as ‘Temporary Cadets’.
Accordingly the Auxiliary Division Royal Irish Constabulary (ADRIC) recruited from ex-officers who had served in the war, especially those who had served in the Army. Recruiting began in July 1920 and by November 1921 the division was 1,900 strong. These recruits were mainly unemployed veterans of World War I whose principal motivation was paid employment. Although they served in the constabulary they never acted as policemen; indeed they acted as an army of occupation. For the majority their service experience had been in trench warfare on foreign soil. Totally absent in their background was the role of the police as servant to the community in the protection of life and property.
On 6 January 1921, Leach joined the RIC as an Inspector (Cadet No.1240) (18) stationed at Glengarriff in County Cork. It was an area where the Black and Tans and the Police Auxiliaries were known for their tough counter-insurgency tactics, which included at times terrorising the general Irish population. Their tactics were often counter productive resulting in increased support for the IRA. Although a part of the RIC, the ADRIC were billeted and operated completely separately from the regular RIC and ‘Black and Tans’. Divided into companies each about one hundred strong, heavily armed and highly mobile, they operated mostly in the south and west, where IRA activity was greatest. They wore either RIC uniforms or their old army uniforms with appropriate police badges, along with distinctive Tam-o-Shanter hats.
Mrs Leach and young James lived there for a time in police barracks, which cannot have been very pleasant for either of them. Hardly a day passed without killings and ambushes on both sides. Shortly after Leach arrived a major incident was carried out by the Longford Column of the IRA when they ambushed two lorries containing seventeen Police Auxiliaries at Clonfin, between Granard and Balinalee. After a prolonged engagement four Auxiliaries were killed including three of Leech’s fellow Cadets. The greatest loss to the ADRIC was a similar ambush in Kilmichael, Co. Cork on 28 November 1920 where a total of seventeen ADRIC Cadets based in Macroom were killed.
Peace and War
Following the peace treaty of December 1921 Leach returned to England in 1922 where his father in law employed him in a clerical capacity at the fish docks in Grimsby. Whilst there he studied and became an FCIS (Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Secretaries). A second son, Donald Anthony Leach (19), was born on 19 May 1925 at 8 Gertrude Street, Grimsby. Amateur theatricals appear to have been an interest of James Leach at this time and it was reported that a distinguished member of the cast of ‘A Message from Mars’ running at the Prince of Wales’ Theatre in Grimsby, was Captain Leach VC.(20)
The Palace Theatre in Grimsby was also visited by Leach. A review by Harry Shaw in the Grimsby Telegraph of 9th June reported that:
‘One does not care to revive memories of the war – in the main, at any rate. But ‘Khaki’ the show at the Palace this week recalls the brighter side of hostilities. ‘Khaki’ carries an attraction of a somewhat unusual but appropriate kind. Sergeant Issy Smith VC appears in the cast. During the interval at the first performance last night a little ceremony took place on the stage. Mr J W Henley, secretary to the Grimsby branch of the British Legion introduced Sergeant Smith to Grimsby’s own VC – Captain Leach. It is a coincidence that the captain and the sergeant gained the decoration whilst they were both serving in the Manchester Regiment. Both VCs briefly addressed the audience, voicing thanks for the cordial reception.
However there were many disagreements between Leach and Walter Butt which came to a head in 1927 when the family left Grimsby and moved to London where Leach with his recently acquired qualifications obtained employment with the Bank of England. A daughter, Josephine Anne Wendy Leach, was born on 22 November 1928 at 32B Grove Park Gardens, Chiswick, London (21). With the coming of the great depression jobs were cut and Leach lost his job with the Bank in 1930/31. He was then able to obtain employment for the next three years based in the Fanning Islands in the South Pacific as an accountant with a copra exporting company. During this time his father in law bought Mrs Leach a house at 55 Burlington Lane, Chiswick into which she and the children moved in 1932. Leach returned to England and London in 1934 and commenced employment with Foster and Braithwaite, a prominent firm of stockbrokers in the City of London.
Two years later Walter Butt died, leaving money to his daughter in trust for her three children. The interest on this amount was considered to be quite reasonable and James Leach decided that this was an opportunity and he could now afford to give up work and read for the Bar. Accordingly he studied and successfully passed his first two law examinations. However relationships between husband and wife deteriorated; aggravated no doubt because of his lack of contributions to household and education expenses, and in 1937 the two separated and were divorced in 1938.
Following the outbreak of war in 1939 James Leach worked for the Ministry of Aircraft Production but by 1943 had moved to work in the legal department of the Osram lighting factory in Hammersmith, living at 12 Sinclair Mansions, Richmond Way, Shepherd’s Bush. During this time he became an officer in the Roehampton Home Guard Battalion and married his third wife Mabel Folland,(22) whom he had met whilst working at Osram’s. Post–war Leach worked for the Danish Bacon Company at Thames Street in the City of London. He became honorary secretary of the Hatfield Chamber Music Ensemble which was directed by his nephew John Leach and was a Conservative member of the Hammersmith Borough Council between 1949 and 1955. Another of his interests was the Hammersmith Association for the Blind, of which he was a founder member and treasurer.
VC centenary celebrations were held in London in 1956.(23) The opportunity to entertain the Manchester VCs by their Regiment whilst they were assembled in London was taken by Colonel Charles Archdale and it was decided that they should be invited to dine with those officers of the Regiment who were then based in London. Accordingly a dinner was held at the Royal Empire Society on the evening of 28 June. Both James Leach VC and his wife attended the dinner and after Charles Archdale had spoken about the Regiment’s pride in her VCs and commenting upon this unique occasion James Leach spoke in response. George Stringer VC was present with his sister Mrs Wrenshaw, together with close relatives of Issy Smith VC, George Henderson VC, George Evans VC and Harry Coverdale VC. Acting as hosts representing the Regiment were Lieutenant Colonel Charles Archdale, Major & Mrs John Gunning, Major Rex King-Clark, Major Jerry Perez, Major Joe Flynn and Major Robert Clutterbuck.
On 23 April 1958 James Leach attended the Manchester Regiment bi-centenary celebrations at Warley Barracks, Brentwood but died four months later on 15 August. His funeral took place on the 21st at St Mathew’s Church, Shepherd’s Bush followed by cremation at Golders Green where his ashes were scattered. A bearer party and bugler were provided by 1st Battalion The Manchester Regiment. Also present from the Regiment were Majors Peter McEachran, John Gunning, Burrows, Lieutenants Mike Yemm and Miller together with three members of the London branch of the Regimental Association - Messrs Carling, Kemble and Stafford.(24)
(1) Captain Wilfred Keith Evans. He assumed temporary command of the battalion on 30 October 1914. Commanded 1 Manchesters in 1924. Later as Brigadier General CMG DSO appointed Colonel of the Regiment 1932/34. His sons Michael and Nigel both served in the Regiment.
(2) 2nd Lieutenant Clarence Leslie Bentley died age 20 on 28 October 1914. Son of Anne Mary Bentley, of Fulford Grange, York, and the late Alderman William Bentley JP. Commissioned from Sandhurst as war was declared. Commemorated on the Le Touret Memorial and the Manchester Regiment memorial plaque in the Memorial Chapel, Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
(3) Lieutenant John Henry Loftus Reade died age 33 on 28 October 1914. Son of John and Annabella S. Reade of Castletown, Co. Fermanagh. Mentioned in Despatches. Commemorated on the Le Touret Memorial and the memorial at Trinity College, Dublin.
(4) During the fighting between 21/29 October inclusive 4 officers and 48 NCOs of the battalion were killed; 2 officers and 48 men wounded; 28 men missing.
(5 ) Lieutenant Robert Horridge from Bolton. Buried in Dranouter Churchyard, Belgium as is Corporal Faulkner.
(6 ) H Nicholson. Cheshire Regiment attached to the battalion.
(7 ) Arthur John Scully. Later awarded the Military Cross & French Croix de Guerre. Retired as Major 14 April 1922.
(8 ) 2899 Colour Sergeant J Leach. 1891 Census Bowerham Barracks.
(9 ) 1901 Census, (31 March 1901) Bowerham Barracks, Lancaster.
(10 ) 4th King’s Own Royal Regiment served in South Africa between December 1899 and August 1901.
(11 ) Mark Hovell, author and social historian of The Chartist Movement, joined the school as a pupil-teacher at the same time.
(12) The Lion and Rose. 1913.
(13) Officers who had served overseas and then returned to the UK through ill health or other reasons were posted to the 3rd Reserve Battalion pending their move elsewhere.
(14 ) Sergeant Hogan received his VC at Buckingham Palace on 20th February 1915.
(15 ) Lancaster Journal 7th April 1916.
(16) Letter dated 25 July from 102 Norfolk Road, Streatham, London SW16
(17 ) Walter Leach. Commissioned in the Supplementary Reserve of the Royal Fusiliers in 1938 and served with 2nd Royal Fusiliers in the BEF. Badly wounded in the head during the retreat to Dunkirk, medically downgraded and spent the remainder of the war in military administration. Post-war became a Chartered Accountant. Died 1990.
(18 ) Royal Irish Constabulary Register – Extract. National Archives, Kew.
(19 ) Anthony Leach. Educated at St Paul’s School, London. He joined the Welsh Guards on 29 October 1943 and was commissioned into the Welsh Guards on 20 July 1944. Served with the 1st Battalion in North-West Europe and was wounded in October 1944. To Palestine as Captain in October 1945 with 1st Guards Brigade. Post-war to Cambridge where he read Agriculture and then became a farmer. To Australia in 1975. Died June 1999.
(20 ) Grimsby Evening Telegraph. 8 June 1925.
(21 ) Married Thomas Shapland, a stained glass artist. He died aged 41.
(22 ) Mabel Leach died in 1987.
(23 ) The Manchester Regiment Gazette. 1956
(24 ) The Manchester Regiment Gazette. September 1958

by Captain Robert Bonner

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 16, 2018, 06:04:01 PM
Lieutenant James Crosbie Caulfield

Name: Caulfield James Crosbie
Nationality: British
Rank: Lieutenant
Regiment: 2nd Bn. Manchester Regiment
Age: 22
Born : 21 February 1892 , Southsea , England
Date of Death: 18 November 1914

Additional information: Was the youngest son of Brigadier-General James E.Caulfield of Corozal , Jersey commanding 8th Reserve Infantry , and Sophia Morley.

Marital status : Single
Scholing Educated at Bradfield College and R.MC. Sandhurst
Occupation: Professional soldier
Cemetery: Kandahar Farm Cemetery
Plot I , Row C , Stone 10

Military footsteps

20 August 1914 Gazetted 2nd Lieutenant in the Royal Army Service Corps on 9 September 1911

9 September 1914 Went to France in the 6th Divisional Train

20 October 1914 Promoted Lieutenant
Transferred at his own request to the 2nd Bn. Manchester Regiment
He took part in the great retreat from Mons .

18 November 1914 Killed in action, by a high explosive shell ,  near Wulverghem while in command of 'C' Coy.
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 16, 2018, 06:27:24 PM
Lieutenant Claude Lysaght Mackay

Regiment: 2nd Battalion Worcestershire Regiment att. 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment
Killed In Action: Yes
Date Killed: Monday, June 7, 1915
Age at Death: 20
Plot Reference: II. A. 31.
Cemetery: Boulogne Eastern Cemetery Pas de Calais France
Lieutenant Claude Lysaght Mackay, Worcestershire Regiment, who was wounded on May 28th and died in hospital on June 7th was a nephew of Mr. and Mrs. Wakefield Richardson, of Moyallen, County Down, and a son of the late Edward Vansittart Mackay and Mrs. Mackay, of Clifton, Gloucestershire. Lieutenant Mackay was on the Old Cliftonian Cricket Tour the day war was declared and before the day was over he had returned home and filled in his papers for a commission.
Date of Publication:
Friday, July 30, 1915

Second Lieutenant C L Mackay.
News has been received at Moyallon, County Down, of the death of Second Lieutenant Claude Lysaght Mackay, nephew of Mr and Mrs Wakefield Richardson. He was the second son of the late Edward Vansittart Mackay (Indian Police) and of Nina Mackay, of 10 College Road, Clifton, Gloucestershire. He was wounded on May 28th, and died in hospital at Boulogne on June 7th. He was educated at Clifton College, where he was a member of the cricket eleven. He won the Challenge Cup in the athletic sports. After leaving school he played for his county. He also won the Public School Heavy Weight Boxing Competition at Aldershot in 1913. On leaving Clifton (having won the leaving Exhibition) he went to Cambridge, winning a Classical Exhibition in the Corpus Christi College, where he again distinguished himself in athletics. He was gazetted to the 5th Worcestershire Regiment (Special Reserve) on August 15th, and joined the British Expeditionary Force on January 1st, 1915, and was given a commission in the Regulars on February 14th, 1915. He was 20 years of age.


Just as a foot note to this soldier.

His brother was WING COMMANDER C. J. MACKAY, M.C.

Wing Commander Charles Joseph Mackay, M.C., D.F.C., has died, we regret to state, at the early age of thirty-five. This distinguished Air Force officer, the son of Mr. John Mackay of Dunmore East, Co. Waterford, was an old Ampleforth boy. He entered the Army in 1913 and saw service in France during the Great War, when he was twice wounded. In 1916 he was appointed Flight-Commander, R.F.C.; and on the formation of the Royal Air Force in 1918 was given a commission with the rank of Major. The year 1922 found him a Squadron-Leader; and in 1929 he was made Wing Commander. Among the military honours held by Wing Commander Mackay were the Military Cross, the Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Croix de Guerre.—R.I.P.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 22, 2018, 04:37:42 PM
2nd Lt Arthur Grant Bourne Chittenden, 2nd Bn, Manchester Regiment


2nd Bn., Manchester Regiment
who died age 20
on 09 September 1914
Son of Mr. and Mrs. C. G. T. F. Chittenden, of High Croft, Steyning, Sussex.

Second Lieutenant Arthur Grant Bourne Chittenden of the 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment, died of wounds on this day - 9th September - in 1914. He was born in 1894, his birth registered in Epsom, Surrey and, according to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission, was the 20 year old son of Mr and Mrs C. G. T. F. Chittenden of High Croft, Steyning, Sussex.

The Bond of Sacrifice, published in 1915, carries a small entry on - and a portrait photo of - Arthur. It reads:

"[Arthur Grant Bourne Chittenden] who was reported as having died of wounds received in action, in France, the actual date of his death not being known, was the youngest son of the late Charles Grant Thomas Faithfull Chittenden and Mrs Chittenden, Steyning, Sussex. Second Lieutenant Chittenden, who was only twenty years old when he died, was gazetted to the Manchester Regiment on the 24th January 1914."

Arthur's heavily annotated medal index card indicates that he arrived overseas with the 2nd Manchester Regiment on 14th August 1914. In 1917, his mother applied for the 1914 Star and in 1921 the clasp for this medal was also sent. The "roses" were not sent as these were to be affixed to the 1914 Star medal ribbon when worn on a jacket. As Arthur was dead, the roses would therfore not have been required. Mrs Chittenden's address is shown as High Croft, Steyning.

Arthur is buried in Montreuil-aux-Lions British Cemetery which was made after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the battlefields of the Aisne. The cemetery contains 16 special memorials and Arthur has one of these.

St Augustine, Broxbourne, Hertfordshire

Lieutenant Arthur Grant Bourne Chittenden, d.1914, killed in action near Soissons, France. Nice alabaster panel with a mosaic border in dark blue-green and gilt around the central inscribed area. Characteristic of the time.

Arthur Chittenden was born in the summer of 1894 in Epsom, Surrey, the son of Charles Faithfull Chittenden, a banker’s clerk, and his wife Eliza.   Charles was originally of Hoddesden, Hertfordshire, and by the time of the 1901 census the family had moved back to the area, and were living in Grosvenor Road, St. Albans.   On census night Arthur, aged 6, and his elder brother Hugh, aged 8, were at home with their governess and servants, while their parents were on holiday in Sidmouth, Devon.
Arthur had joined the Army prior to the war, having been gazetted to the Manchester Regiment on the 24th Jan 1914, with the rank of Second Lieutenant, and in August 1914 the 2nd Battalion were at the Curragh, County Kildare, Ireland.   On the outbreak of war they were immediately mobilized, and arrived in France on the 14th August, and after action they began the long retreat towards Paris.   On 1st September 1914, the battalion were south of Compiegne at Crepy-en-Valois, and just two later they crossed the  Marne at Esbly, a few miles east of Paris.   From that time they were to turn, and head back north-east, skirting Meaux, crossing the Marne a second time at Saacy on 9th September.   The battalion war diary for the period gives this account:   1st September 1914.   After bivouac at RapparieFarm, 1 mile north of Crepe-en-Valois, the Battalion, at 5 am, was ordered to support the 13th Brigade covering Crepy.   Then took up a covering position at Sablieres, then in reserve at Rouville, and then marched to bivouac at Nanteuil, at 9 pm., a distance of 17 miles.   2nd September 1914.   Started at 3 am, and marched 13 miles to Chateau Thibauld where the Battalion found outposts A and D, commanded then by Lts’. Harper and Van der Spar respectively, covering Montge.   3rd September 1914.   Formed rearguard to Trilbardon, where 15 Brigade, which had been acting as flank guard, took on rear guard, crossing Marne at Esbly, where Brigade halted one and half hours.   Reached Bouleurs at 6 pm. Lt. Scully and twenty men rejoined the day after being away six days, having been on outpost at Bretigny and had not been relieved by 3rd Division as told he would be.     4th September 1914.   Rested till 10.30 pm. When by night march we reached Tournan at 8 am. When Lt. De Patros joined with the reinforcement from base, 16 miles through Bois de Crecy.     6th September 1914.   Commenced at 7 am. For St. Avoe Chateau, reaching it at 9.30 am.    7th September 1914.   Crossed the Grand Marin and passed through Colommiers to Pontmoulin.   8th September 1914.   Marched to Rougeville.      9th September 1914.   Crossed Marne at Saarcy, Battalion advance guard to Le Limon where they came under very heavy shell fire and then deflected to attack enemy holding ridge and wood Pisseloud with the remains of the 2nd Battalion, Suffolk Regiment, ist E. Surrey and 1st D.C.L.I. in support.   Enemy’s resistance great and Capt. Foord was wounded.   Lts’ Smith and Chittenden being killed outright and we lost 8 men killed and 37 wounded.   The Battalion bivouacked on hill covering Bezu.     10th September 1914.   Marched to Chezy-sur-Ourcq where 2nd Lts’. Moore and Walker joined with 2nd and 3rd reinforcements of 17.
   After the war many bodies buried on the Aisne battlefield were moved to the British Cemetery at Montreuil-aux-Lion,although more than half of those bodies are identified, there are two special memorials to sixteen men known to be them, including Arthur Chittenden.   Arthur’s brother Hugh survived the war, winning the Military Cross in 1917, and this in the Sussex Daily News, gives some information about the brothers.   It suggests that there was a previous report of Arthur’s death, but several searches have failed to find anything other than his name in the casualty lists of 23rd September 1914.   â€˜Reported missing, now died of wounds’.

Part of the above was taken from the web site link below. Some of the other information has been covered on the forum before.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on April 22, 2018, 05:00:49 PM
Captain William Gabriel King-Peirce

3rd (Reserve) Battalion, attached to 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment.

William King-Peirce was born on 5th July 1875 in Kensington, London, the son of Richard King-Peirce and Frances Agnes, née Price. He was married to Mary Agnes, née Fisher in 1903.

He was educated at Bradfield College, where he captained the Football XI in 1893, played cricket, and was a prefect. He took his BA in 1898. Whilst at Merton he captained the College VIII.

He joined the Manchester Regiment in May 1899, and fought in Orange Free State, Transvaal, Orange River Colony, Cape Colony, at Biddulphsberg, and at Wittebergen in the South African War. He was awarded the Queen’s South Africa Medal with 4 clasps. He was made a Captain in 1901. He left the regular army in November 1911, joining the 3rd Battalion, Manchester Regiment, in May 1912.

At the outbreak of war he was sent to France. He was killed in action at Festubert, during the Battle of La Bassée, on 26th October 1914, aged 39.

He is also commemorated on the Le Touret Memorial, Pas-de-Calais, France.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on May 19, 2018, 10:18:13 PM
Walter Balshaw

2nd Lieutenant, 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.
Killed in action on Tuesday 20th October 1914 near La Bassee, age 24.
Remembered on Le Touret Memorial, France, Panels 34 and 35.
Former student of Science.

Born in 1890 at Bolton to Walter Balshaw, Solicitor, and E.A. Balshaw of 571 Chorley Old Road, Bolton.
Walter attended Bolton Municipal Secondary School where he was both cricket and football captain. In the years 1906-9 he acted as Chief Prefect. He entered the University of Manchester in 1910 to study science and continued to play cricket gaining the “Christie” bat for bowling and his colours in 1913.
As a member of the Officer Training Corps from October 1910 to July 1913 he obtained the proficiency certificates “A” and “B” and was awarded a commission in 1913 as a Second Lieutenant in the Special Reserve of Officers, Manchester Regiment.
At the outbreak of war Walter was an Assistant Master at Lancaster Grammar School, but he was about to take up an appointment on the staff of Fareham School, Hampshire.
Missing after an engagement near La Bassee on 20th October 1914 Walter’s death was not reported by the Manchester Guardian until 21st December 1916 when he was officially presumed to have been killed or died.  (Another University man, George Dixon, also went missing on the same day from the same battalion.) Walter has no known grave.

Commemorated on:

University of Manchester War Memorial, Main Quadrangle.
St. George’s Road Congregational Church and Mission War Memorial, Bolton.
Bolton Municipal Secondary School Memorial, located at Bolton St Catherine’s Academy.


The Manchester Guardian, 21st December 1916.
Tameside Local Studies and Archive Centre, ref: MR2/25/18.
The Serpent, Roll of Honour Supplement to Vol II, 1917-18, University of Manchester Archive.
WO 95/1564/2, 2nd Manchester Regiment War Diary, The National Archives.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on May 30, 2018, 02:09:15 PM
 Captain 2nd Battalion., York and Lancaster Regiment attached
2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

who died on Thursday 22 November 1917 . Age 21, of wounds received while fighting for
the 2nd Bn Manchester Regiment.
He was the son of Col. E. and Mrs. F. C. Waller, of 16, Craven Avenue, Ealing, London.
grave number IV. B. 4. 

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on June 01, 2018, 07:39:40 AM
Captain (Reverend) William Kay, DSO, MC.

William was born on the 28th December 1894 in Blackburn, Lancashire. He was named after his father William Henry, and his mother was called Mary. He was their oldest child; his siblings were Harry Livesey, Arthur and Nellie. The family were members of the Church of England.
In 1901 the family lived at 30 John Thomas Street in Blackburn. William senior worked as a power loom overlooker in a cotton mill. Ten years later he had been promoted, he was now a weaving manager. We don't know which mill he worked at. William junior worked as a cotton weaver. They lived at 374 Whalley New Road in Blackburn.
William decided he wanted to become a priest. In 1913 he began to study for a Bachelor of Arts degree in Theology at Hatfield College of Durham University. The First World War broke out whilst he was a student, and he spent some time in the University's Officer Training Corps.
William joined the Grenadier Guards on the 15th December 1915. He was given the service number 25406. After training in the UK William was sent to France in August 1916. He was 6 feet tall when he joined the Army.
William joined the 1st Battalion of the Grenadiers. During September they were involved in the Battles of Flers-Courcellette and Morval. We don't know where else William served or how long he spent in France. He was promoted to Lance Corporal during October.
At some point during late 1916 or early 1917 William was selected to train as an officer. He will have returned to the UK and joined an Officer Training Battalion. William was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment on the 29th May 1917.
Six weeks later he returned to France. William joined the 2nd Battalion of the Manchester Regiment on the 19th July. At this time they were based around Nieuwpoort on the Belgian coast. By February 1918 they were in the front lines around Houthulst Forest near Langemarck. By this time William had been promoted to Acting Captain and given command of a Company.
On the night of the 27th February William led around 110 men on a raid of the German trenches. Raids were carried out to keep the Germans on edge and to obtain intelligence of where their positions were and which units were holding the line. This could be done by capturing prisoners and by bringing back documents and unit badges. Raids were dangerous, small numbers of men without support would be in great danger if they were seen.
William was awarded the Military Cross for his bravery in leading this raid. His citation was published in the London Gazette on the 22nd April:
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. He reconnoitred the enemy's forward positions in bright moonlight and obtained valuable information. On the following night he led a raiding party into the enemy's line with great gallantry under heavy fire. By his skilful leadership he saved many casualties and inspired all ranks with confidence by his personal example.
The raiders brought back 7 prisoners and 2 machine guns.
On the 17th April William gave up command of a Company and reverted to the rank of Second Lieutenant. By this time the 2nd Battalion was involved in the British attempts to stop the German Spring Offensive. This had begun on the 21st March, and was aimed at winning the war before large numbers of American soldiers could arrive in France. By the middle of the year the advance had been stopped. The British and French began their own offensive on the 8th August.
At some point during this period William was awarded a Bar to his Military Cross. This meant he had carried out another act that was worthy of the medal. He had regained the rank of Acting Captain by this time. His citation was published in the London Gazette on the 11th January 1919. We don't know exactly when or where this deed took place:
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. During an advance on a village this officer, when the situation was obscure, went along the various companies and gained useful information. He also personally reconnoitred the enemy position under heavy fire, bringing in useful intelligence. Throughout he displayed tireless energy and complete disregard of danger.
The British advance continued into the autumn. By early October they had reached the village of Joncourt. William was awarded a second Bar to his MC during the fighting here. This is his citation, from the London Gazette of the 30th July 1919:
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty at Joncourt on October 2nd 1918. He supervised the forming up of the battalion prior to zero hour under very heavy shell fire, and encouraged the man by his calm and collected manner. Later, when the battalion had suffered very heavy casualties, and the situation was obscure, he went out and reconnoitred the whole line and brought back exact dispositions and valuable information which led to new dispositions being made with a view to holding the line. In the evening he again led forward the ration party to the new line, and it was entirely due to his personal energy and zeal that the rations were delivered intact.
William was not the only officer in the 2nd Battalion to win the Military Cross during the day's fighting. The poet Second Lieutenant Wilfred Owen also received the medal. We don't know how well the two men knew each other.
Wilfred Owen was killed in action on the 4th November. He was killed leading a group of soldiers across the Oise-Sambre Canal at Ors. William was luckier. He survived the fighting and helped the 2nd Battalion cross the canal and advance to their final objective. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his bravery and leadership. His citation was published in the London Gazette of the 10th December 1919:
On 4th November 1918 during the attack on the Oise-Sambre Canal, he displayed marked courage and able leadership when his battalion was temporarily held up. Under intense machine gun fire he went back to Brigade Headquarters and reported the situation. Later, his leadership materially contributed to the success of the day's operations.
The 2nd Battalion was withdrawn from the front on the 6th November. The war ended on the 11th, when they were at Sambreton. They were involved in training and in work behind the lines for the rest of the year. During December they moved to Assesse. The end of the war meant that the Army could begin to demobilise the millions of men serving overseas. This would be a long process, but William seems to have been one of the first to go. He returned to the UK on the 13th January 1919.
William was awarded his degree during 1918. This allowed him to begin his career in the Church of England. During 1919 he was ordained as a Deacon in the parish of Burnley for Manchester. Soon after he moved to Rochdale, Lancashire and became the Curate there. He was ordained as a Priest in 1920.
William stayed in Rochdale until 1922. During this time he returned to the Army. There was a great deal of industrial unrest during this time and widespread strikes were threatened by workers such as miners. The government was afraid that the Police would not be able to cope so it was decided to form an organisation known as The Defence Force. This would be based on the Territorial Army, but separate from it, and used to support the police if a large strike was called. William joined the 6th Battalion of the Lancashire Fusiliers, Defence Force and served as a Captain between April and June 1921. The strikes did not occur, so the Force was disbanded.
Before William left Rochdale, he married Helen Nora Brierley between July and September 1922. She was always known as Nora. They moved to the parish of Elmton with Creswell, near Worksop in Derbyshire, where William had been appointed Vicar.
During their time in Elmton William and Nora had 3 children: Mary C. between April and June 1923, Ursula between October and December 1924 and Helen between July and September 1926. On the 26th April 1923 William returned to the Army. He became a Chaplain to the Forces, 4th Class, in the Territorial Army (TA). This meant William kept his civilian home and job, and mainly carried out his military duties during evenings and weekends.
In 1928 William was appointed to be Rector of Whitwell with Steeley and Rural Dean of Bolsover. This appointment did not last for long, because on the 29th February 1929 William became Vicar of Newark in Nottinghamshire. The parish boundaries were adjusted during 1931 and it was renamed Newark with Codrington. William and Nora's 4th child, Margaret E. was born between April and June 1930 in Newark.
As well as his parish, during 1932 William became Rural Dean of Newark. As Dean he was responsible for looking after the welfare of all the parish priests in his area and keeping them in touch with the local Bishop, the Bishop of Southwell. He also became Honorary Canon of Normandington in Southwell Cathedral.
William returned to Lancashire in 1936. He was appointed Provost and Vicar of the Cathedral Church of Blackburn. He was responsible for the Parish of Blackburn, while the Bishop of Blackburn led the Diocese, made up of several Parishes. He held this job until he retired in 1961. He left the TA on the 23rd January 1939. We don't know whether he rejoined during the Second World War, which broke out that September.
During his time in Blackburn William was keen to see Church Schools succeed and expand. On one occasion he bought an old mill with his own money. This was turned into St Hilda's Secondary School, and later became part of St Wilfrid's Church of England Comprehensive School. This school still exists in 2013; it is called St Wilfrid's Church of England Academy. As William's obituary reported: 'Although he was reimbursed subsequently, without his determination and quick decision and generous spontaneity this school would not have been possible'.
At some point during their retirement William and Nora moved to Brockenhurst, in the middle of the New Forest in Hampshire. They lived at 'Woodruffe' in the village. Nora died there between April and June 1974 at the age of 81. William continued to live there until the 6th January 1980, when he died at the age of 85. His medals came to the Museum of the Manchester Regiment in August 1997.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on June 01, 2018, 07:58:23 AM
Rank: Lieutenant
Date of Death: 26/08/1914
Age: 32
Regiment/Service: Manchester Regiment 2nd Bn.
Panel Reference:
Additional Information:
Son of Major W.G. Mansergh, of Castletownroche,
Co. Cork. Served in the South African War.

Lieutenant Wilmsdorff George Mansergh was born in Castletownroche, County Cork in Ireland in 1881. He joined the 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment. There is a citation to him in Manchester Cathedral. He went with the expeditionary forces to Le Harve in 1914. He died in Le Cateau on the 26th of August 1914. He died trying to protect another soldier in a shallow trench by pulling the soldier underneath him. He was then killed when a shell blew up in front of him.


3rd and 4th Battalions, the Manchester Regiment,
The undermentioned Gentlemen to be Second
Lieutenants: Wilmsdorff George Mansergh.
Dated 22nd February, 1899.

The Manchester Regiment, Lieutenant Wilmsdorff G. Mansergh is seconded for service under the Colonial Office. Dated 3rd October, 1903.

List of pilots awarded an Aviator's Certificate by the Royal Aero Club in 1914

Lt. Wilmsdorff George Mansergh, Manchester Regiment
25 March 1914
Killed in Action France 26 August 1914 aged 32


755 Lieut. Wilmsdorff George Mansergh (Manchester Regt.),
(Vickers Biplane, Vickers School, Brooklands). March
25th, 1914.

His father was a Major in the 107th Reg,
His Grandfather was a Major in the RA

He is listed on the 26th in the War Diaries as being wounded.

Lieutenant Wilmsdorff G. Mansergh, Th'e Manchester Regiment, is granted the local rank of Captain, whilst employed with the West African Frontier Force. Dated 1st April, 1911.

The Manchester Regiment, Supernumerary Lieutenant Wilmsdorff G. Mansergh is restored to the establishment. Dated 15fch March, 1914.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on June 03, 2018, 09:55:08 PM
Captain Thomas Walker Browne RAMC, attached to the 2nd Bn Manchester Regiment.

After a bit of research I managed to find the medical officer with the 2nd Battalion was Captain Thomas Walker Browne RAMC in Ireland and went with the Battalion to France on the 14th August 1914.
On the 25th August during action at Bavay he was last seen dressing a wounded man. I can’t see him mentioned anymore in the War Diaries.
But found the following, so he did survive the carnage of the retreat from Mons.
His father was
Dr Thomas John Browne who married Sarah Sinclair, his first cousin, in 1878. They had five children: Eleanor Ida Sinclair who married William Collen; Ethel Sarah remained unmarried; Lilian Anna, who married Lieut.-Commander William Crawford Harrison in the British Navy; and William Sydney Browne a lieutenant in the East Yorkshire Regiment, who married Alice Carr. After his wife Sarah died in 1891, Thomas married Janie Lindsay in 1899. They had one child, Reginald Lyndsay Browne (Rex), born in 1900.
Thomas Walker Browne, John and Sarah's last child, He was born 21st of April 1884 in the district of Dungannon, Ireland and
became a major in the RAMC, and married Clair Christine Sinclair of Palmerstone, Dublin, who, quite unusually given that his father had married a first cousin, was Thomas' second cousin once removed; Clair was the granddaughter of his mother's brother. Their wedding on 1 February 1915 at Monkstown, Co. Dublin, was very subdued because Thomas' brother-in-law, Lieut.-Commander Harrison, the husband of his sister, Lilian Anna, had died earlier that day in the ill-fated Formidable. HMS Formidable was the second British battleship to be sunk by enemy action during the First World War. It was struck by two torpedos whilst steaming in the English Channel in rough weather conditions. William was one of 35 officers and 512 men out of a complement of 780 who were lost.

Capt. T. W. BROWNE, L.RC.P. & S.l. was Mentioned in Despatches more than once and is mentioned in the Roll of Honour Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.

Capt. T. W. Browne relinquishes the actg. rank of. Lt.-Col., and reverts to the acts;, rank of Maj., with pay and allowances of his substantive rank. 1st Feb. 1918.

Captain T W Browne of Belgaum India died 27th July 1923 at British Station Hospital Belgaum, aforesaid probate London 15th Nov to Clair Christiana widow effects £500

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on June 03, 2018, 10:15:55 PM

Lieutenant Victor Comley McKiever 3rd Bn attached 2nd Bn Manchester Regiment.

Lieutenant Victor Comley McKiever was born in 1889 at Pontypridd, Glamorgan
On the 8th April 1903, his father took his elder sister Julia Blanche
McKiever and Victor to Cape Town, South Africa aboard the S.S. Maori for
the 49 day sailing.  His parents later moved to Auckland Park,
Johannesburg, South Africa.   He returned the United Kingdom in 1908 to
attend Selwyn College at Cambridge University.  After leaving University in
1911, Victor moved to Formby gaining employment as assistant master at
Holmwood School in Barkfield Lane.  Victor also played cricket for Formby
at Cricket path and Waterloo Rugby team's second XI captain.

He volunteered in August 1914, shortly after war was declared and served in
the 3rd Battalion Manchester Regiment.  He was commissioned a month after
enlisting.   Victor arrived in France on 16th March 1915. He was later
attached to the 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.  He was seriously
wounded and later died of his wounds on 18th May 1915.  His headstone has
the incorrect date of his death as 28th May 1915.   He is commemporated on
the Formby Town War Memorial and a memorial in the Holy Trinity Church,
Rosemary Lane Formby.

1911 Census - No Trace of Victor nor his parents.

MIC - states that he was posted to France on the 16th March 1915.  Awarded
the 15 Star, the BWM & the VM.   It lists his sister - Miss J.B. McKiever,
4 Trafalgar Road, Cardiff as his next of kin.  This was Julia Blanche
McKiever his elder sister by eight years.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on June 05, 2018, 09:15:44 PM
List of Officers that served with the 2nd Battalion the Manchester Regiment in this Topic.

 Some of these will have been covered before on the forum, I'm just consolidating them in one place.
 At the top of each new page will be a list of Officer's covered on that page as follows.

 1) Captain Hubert Knox, 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment

 2) Major Cecil Morley, 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment

 3) Major A. G. M. Hardingham, 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment

 4) Major George Petrie Leslie Wymer, 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment

 5) Captain William Carr Brodribb, 3rd Battalion Manchester Regiment
     Att. 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.

 6) 2nd Lt, Wilfred Edward Salter Owen, 5th Bn. Manch. R., T.F., attd. 2nd Bn.

 7) Captain R.T. Miller 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment

 8 ) Major Barnett Dyer Lempriere Gray Anley 2nd Bn Manchester Regiment

 9)  Lieutenant Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht, Manchester Regiment.

 10) 2nd Lieutenant John Herbert Michael Smith, 2nd Manchester Regiment.
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on June 05, 2018, 09:18:52 PM
Captain Hubert Knox 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

Most of this information was covered in another topic on the forum, so thank you to those that contributed to that topic.
Captain Hubert Knox, 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment, who has been mentioned in Sir John French's despatches, entered the Army in 1900, and obtained his Captaincy in April, 1909. He served in the South African War, 1900-2 and obtained the Queen's Medal with three clasps and the King's Medal with two clasps. He was wounded at Le Cateau on August 26th during the retreat from Mons. He is the youngest son of the late Mr. Fitzroy Knox, D.L., of Brittas Castle, Thurles.
Date of Publication:
Friday, January 22, 1915

Herbert Knox was a regular army officer of the Regiment, commissioned 18 April 1900.     Captain 1 April 1909 and promoted Major 1 September 1915. As Captain he went with the 2nd Manchesters to France in August 1914. He was wounded whilst commanding B Company at the battle at Le Cateau.

He assumed command of the 16th Battalion in mid-July 1916 following the battles for Trones Wood and Mametz. He had taken command after the 16th Battalion had suffered heavy casualties. The survivors of the battalion had been reinforced by drafts from twenty-eight different battalions and Knox was credited with getting the battalion back into a high state of efficiency, only to be killed when a shell burst at his side, wounding him so severely that he died within ten minutes.
He was with the Militia first 2/Lt 18th June 1899 3 or 4th Battalion, he was att to the 1st Battalion 1899-1902

s. of F. Knox, Brittas Castle, Thurles, Ireland, b. Sept. 14,
1881. Manchester Regt. 1900. S.A. War, 1900—02, Queen's
Medal (3 Claspsf, King's Medal (2 Clasps). Capt. 1909.
France 1914—16, Despatches. K. in A. at Flers, Oct. 13, 1916.
Initials: H
Nationality: United Kingdom
Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
Regiment/Service: Manchester Regiment
Unit Text: 16th Bn.
Date of Death: 13/10/1916
Additional information: Son of Fitzroy Knox, D.L., of Brittas Castle, Thurles, Tipperary; husband of Eleanor Alice Hector House (formerly Knox, of The Lyceum Club, 138, Piccadilly, London.
Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead
Grave/Memorial Reference: VIII. B. 11.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on July 15, 2018, 01:16:46 PM
Major Cecil Morley, 2nd Battalion, Manchester Regiment, who was severely wounded and taken prisoner of war at Le Cateau on 26 August 1914 and who wrote a lengthy narrative of his capture up until the time of his transfer to Switzerland in 1916

The following is extracted from a lengthy typewritten ‘confidential’ narrative written by the Cecil Morley which survives at the National Archives.

‘I was captured at Le Cateau on the 26th August 1916. We were originally placed in support in rear of the Suffolk Regt., and having a brigade of artillery in between. I went up to reinforce the Suffolk Regt., and was wounded while trying to regain their trenches, from which they had been driven out. I was shot in the left upper arm and shoulder, also through the left lung and stomach. As soon as I fell, Pte. Jones, “B” Company, 2/Manchester Regt., ran up to me, and under a very heavy fire bandaged my wounds with a first field dressing. He was wounded while attending to me. Owing to the very heavy fire of artillery, machine guns, and rifles the stretcher-bearers were unable to reach me. Pte. Jones, however, rolled me into a small sunken road, where I was under cover. Soon after I heard bugles and drums, and thought it was the French coming up, as I heard shouts of “Camarades,” but found Germans all round me. They continued firing all round me, but presently ceased firing. One of the German soldiers came up to me and took my field-glasses. Another one came to look at me and washed my mouth out with water, as I was bleeding through my mouth. I then became unconscious.

The next thing I noticed was a group of British prisoners standing near me. Before they were marched away some of them asked the Germans to have me carried with them to be looked after. The Germans refused. Two men of my regiment came and lifted me up and carried me to Le Cateau. There I was placed in the courtyard of a large house belonging to a Monsieur Seydon, and which was being turned into a hospital. A German under-officer came up and bandaged me afresh, as my wounds were bleeding badly, with a first field dressing which he took off a British soldier. I was then carried into the drawing-room and placed on a sofa. A German doctor examined me. He then sent to ask one of the unwounded British officers who were in the house to come and see me, as he told him I should die. Lieut. Teeling, K.O.S.B., came to see me, also Major E. Jones, R.F.A. I was then placed on a mattress, and became unconscious. I remained in a corner of the room for several days with the unwounded British officers, who slept on straw on the floor. Several of these worked very hard among the wounded, washing and feeding them and attending to their wounds. The chief ones I noticed were Major E. Jones, R.F.A., Major Peebles, and Captain Hepworth, both Suffolk Regt. Captain Cahill, R.A.M.C., was in charge of the wounded, but was unable to get bandages or anything needful from the Germans.
The British officers who were unwounded, or slightly wounded, were moved away on the 31st August. The German doctor then came in and ordered me to be moved to another house close by belonging to Madame Seydou. This was the first time he had been to see me since I was bought in. I was placed on a mattress in a room with 2 other British officers. Captain H.B. Kelly, R.A.M.C., then arrived. He came in and dressed our wounds regularly, and although worn out himself, worked unceasingly and untiringly among the wounded. It was certainly due to his untiring efforts that many lives were saved. He was unfortunately sent away after a short time, in spite of his asking the Germans to be allowed to stay and look after the wounded. I also asked for my servant to be left with us, as he had managed to find me. He slept in our room, and although wounded by a shrapnel splinter in the shoulder, looked after the other 2 officers and myself. The Germans refused to let him stay, and sent him off with a convoy of prisoners. A German medical under-officer then came to take charge of us. He started by insulting us, and said our men were pigs. He then called in a sentry, who threatened to bayonet us. As, however, we took no notice of them, they went out again, and we saw no more of the under-officer for several days.

After the departure of my servant, who had managed to keep the other two officers supplied with food (I was unable to eat anything for some days), we were sometimes left for 24 hours without any food, until some French women, who had put red crosses on their arms, came in and found us. They smuggled food hidden under their skirts, to us. If they brought it openly the sentries took it from them. After a few days of this we were all carried back to Monsieur Seydou’s house, where we were better treated, and visited by a doctor. There were seven of us in a room with a nurse to look after us. The nurse was quite kind to us…

In September 1914 I was sent to Cologne.We were taken to Cambrai Station in a motor ambulance, and Major Doughty and I were put in a second-class carriage. We left Cambrai about 6 p.m. We were given no food that night, but about midnight a soldier of our guard brought us a bowl of thick soup, which was his ration.We were given nothing at all the next day and night, and ate some chocolate Major Doughty had bought with him. Early the following morning some Red Cross women entered the train with cocoa and rusks. I asked them for some, but they refused to give me any, and were very insulting to us. They fed our guards, and on our guards insisting that they should give us some food, as we were wounded, they very reluctantly gave us some.

On our arrival at Cologne we were taken to the Maschinenbauschule, which had been turned into a hospital, and placed in a room containing six officers.The food here was practically uneatable, a thick slice of black bread and a mug of coffee without milk or sugar for breakfast. A basin of potatoes with bacon or meat (a very small piece of meat, which was generally rotten) for lunch. A slice of black bread and and coffee for tea. A basin of soup for supper. We were able to supplement our rations by sausages or ham sold in the canteen in the basement of the hospital. This canteen was run by the cook, who naturally took care to give us food which we could not eat, in order to make us buy things at his canteen…Civilians were allowed to come and stare at us. In fact, it appeared to be quite the Sunday afternoon amusement…
On 10th October 1914 I left Cologne for Torgau. The officer in charge of our escort seeing that I was suffering a good deal, did all he could for me. We left Cologne at 8a.m. and arrived at Torgau at 4a.m. the following morning. We were met at the station by a very officious German officer and an escort of about 20 men. This officer ordered his men to fix bayonets. The officer who had escorted us to Torgau protested, saying we were officers, and most of us wounded and still suffering from the effects of our wounds. This led to a furious row between the two officers, and incidentally a large crowd of civilians quickly gathered round us and began to abuse us, and backed up the new officer, who eventually carried his point.

We had to walk through streets and roads thick with mud for about three-quarters of an hour to the fort, which we reached, most of us in an exhausted condition; this can be easily understood as I fancy most of the other 12 officers, like myself, had been in bed till the previous day; we also had to carry what kit we possessed. This, in my case, consisted only of a few articles tied up in a handkerchief.

On arrival at the fort we were handed over to the under officer of the guard, who showed us to a wooden shed which was not finished, containing some beds. We were each given a wet blanket which had been lying on the floor of the shed, and told we could go to sleep. This, tired as we were, was impossible for most of us owing to the intense cold accentuated by the wet blanket…

When I arrived at Torgau I was surprised at the good moral and optimism of most of the officers… The first break in their moral was when a copy of General French’s despatches was somehow bought into the camp, containing the “mentions” for Mons and Le Cateau. At one of which places most of the officers had been captured. There was great bitterness about when it was discovered that practically all those mentioned were officers who had escaped the misfortune of being made prisoner. At this time officers were also buoyed up by the hope of exchanges, which they considered practically certain…

All the other British officers were sent away from Torgau to Burg near Magdeburg. They left in two parties, one on the 25th, the other on the 26th November 1914. On our arrival at Burg we were marched through the streets with sentries with fixed bayonets on either side of us. We carried our own kit, and one of the senior British officers who was helping to carry a box full of library books was kicked by one of the sentries to hurry him along. Our camp here consisted of waggon sheds and stables…

The commandant of the camp was a reserve officer who tried to bully and humiliate the officers in every possible way… Officers of different nationalities were mixed up together in the rooms, and an order issued by the commandant that no two officers of the same nationality were allowed to sleep next to each other. For instance, English, Belgian, Russian, French; and different coloured tickets were tied on all the beds according to the nationality of the occupant.

This commandant insisted upon all officers saluting him every time they passed him, and he used to walk up and down the courtyard and stop any officer who did not salute him correctly. In the end his appearance in the yard was the signal for all officers to retire to their rooms until he left. The officers (German) at this camp were very bad mannered, and used to shout at the prisoners to try and overawe them. Thirteen officers were taken from this camp as reprisals for the imprisonment of German submarine officers. As they marched off they were cheered by the remaining officers, and as a punishment for this the commandant ordered our beer and wine to be stopped. We were allowed to buy two bottles of beer a day and a bottle of wine a week.
On the 20th May 1915, we left Burg for Mainz…We were packed into third-class carriages…We were so tightly packed in the carriages that some of the officers slept in the luggage-racks and on the floor. On our arrival in Mainz we were taken to the citadel and told off to rooms, being again mixed up with other nationalities, but this time no restriction as to sleeping next to foreigners. The accommodation was better, as we were put into ordinary barrack rooms…

On Christmas Eve, 1915, a British and French officer escaped. This so infuriated our gaolers that they stopped our wine on Christmas Day and for a good many days, and we were locked up in our rooms at 4.30 p.m… The daily routine was roll-call at 9 a.m. except Sundays, when it was 8.45 a.m. dinner at 12 or 12.30, tea (consisting of acorn coffee and the remains of the bread issued at the previous day’s dinner) 3 p.m., supper 6.30 or 7 p.m., lock-up varying from 8 to 9.30, according to the time of the year.

Our letters home (we were allowed 2 letters and 4 post-cards a month, letters not to exceed 6 pages, and post-cards 15 lines), were always kept a regulation period of 10 days before being despatched. They were frequently kept 20 or 30 days, as on several occasions my wife, after not hearing from me for about 6 weeks, would receive a letter and 2 post-cards on the same day. Parcels were given out regularly and honestly, but some of them were pilfered on the way, either in England or Germany…

It was very difficult to get any special medical or dental attention. I myself got both eventually after a great struggle and a good deal of delay… When I left on 26th May 1916, the morale of the officers had considerably changed since the beginning of their imprisonment. This is little to be wondered at when one considers that the majority of them had been shut up within four walls and practically cut off from the outside world for nearly two years, that they had most of them been more or less severely wounded, and had received no proper treatment or attention to enable them to properly recover from the effects of these wounds, and the humiliations, hardships and privations they had endured. Also, and I think this had the greatest effect of all, they heard of other men getting distinctions and promotion, while they recognised at last that there was no further hope for them, as there now appears no prospect of an exchange of prisoners being arranged.

There are many capable officers, regular officers of the old army, who should be valuable to their country, who kept themselves for a long time buoyed up with this hope of an exchange, who are now deteriorating mentally and physically from their long imprisonment, and, if they are to be of any further use, some great effort should be made to have them exchanged, and so release them from their long and unjust sufferings. I have heard many of them say that unless they can take some further part in the war, their one idea will be, when they return home, to retire from the service as failures; not from want of ability but from the mischance of war, having most of them been captured during the retreat before they had a chance of proving themselves.’

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on July 22, 2018, 07:09:30 PM
Major A. G. M. Hardingham, Manchester Regiment

His Madels
1914 MONS STAR (Lieut., Manch.R.);
GENERAL SERVICE 1918-62, 1 clasp, Iraq (Major)

Arthur Gatton Melhuish Hardingham was born on 22 November, 1880, and was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment in January, 1902. He was attached to the West African Frontier Force from July 1909 to May 1914, when he rejoined the 2nd battalion. On 14 August, 1914 he embarked with the 2nd Manchesters, from Dublin, for France and the Western Front. He was promoted Captain in December 1914, and Major in January 1917. After the war he was with the 2nd battalion in Iraq when Captain George Henderson won the Victoria Cross at the battle of Hillah and, in December 1920, left Baghdad for India. He commanded the Number 2 Guard when the 2nd battalion celebrated its Centenary at Jubbelpore, India, on 23 March, 1920.

Major 2nd Battalion. Manchester Regiment
died at Rangoon , Burma 5th October 1926.
Edmonstone 1894.3 - 1898.2 Son of G. G. M. Hardingham, East Moseley. Born 22 November 1880 Major 1917 Grave at Cantonment Cemetery, Rangoon - "Major A.G.M. Hardingham (Gatton) 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment. Died Oct. 5th 1926."
Arthur served through the First World War and reached the rank of Major in 1917.  He was Second in Command of the 2nd Battalion in Rangoon, Burma when he died aged 45 on the 5th October 1926.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on July 22, 2018, 07:27:47 PM
George Petrie Leslie Wymer (1876 - 1941)

Major George Petrie Leslie Wymer

The following is from,

Born 1876 in Marylebone, Middlesex, England
Son of George Bannatyne Wymer and Florence Marion (Bright-Smith) Wymer
Brother of Hubert Julian de Crespigny Wymer,
Lionel Charles S Wymer,
Dorothy Florence Adeline Wymer
and Basil Launcelot Wymer

Died 5 Aug 1941 in Northwood, Middlesex, England


George was born about 1876, the son of George and Florence Wymer.
England and Wales Census, 1891: Name George Peter Leslie Wymer Event Type Census Event Date 1891 County Berkshire Parish Radley Ecclesiastical Parish ST JAMES Registration District Abingdon Gender Male Age 15 Marital Status Single Relationship to Head of Household Scholar Birth Year (Estimated) 1876 Birthplace Kensington, London, England
He served in the South African War 1899-1902.
He married first Margaret Grogan (the daughter of William and Jane Grogan) in 1908 in Ampthill, Bedfordshire, England. She was one of 21 children. They had at least one son; Norman.
He served in France in 1914 during the 1st World War where he was wounded and received several medals.
He served in the Manchester Regiment as second in command. His last military appointment was Provost Marshall at Dublin Castle in the Irish rebellion of 1921. During this campaign he was severely wounded causing a crack in the skull, and was invalided out of the army. In recognition of his distinguished police record in Ireland, the Jockey Club appointed him in 1925 to organise a special force of detectives for racecourses, an appointment he held until his death. "He was largely responsible for smashing the gangs of crooks who infested the racecourses". (Evening Standard Aug 6th 1941.)
His marriage to Margaret did not last, and in 1925 he married Sophie Snepp, "Prue" (daughter of Ernest Henry Snepp and Clara Fletcher) at St. Martin, London, England. They appear to have had no children and Prue died in 1936 at age 42.
George passed away in 1941.

The Times, Tuesday, Aug 12, 1941 - DEATHS:

WYMER - On Aug. 5, 1941, suddenly, at Northwood, MAJOR GEORGE PETRE WYMER, D.C.M., late Manchester Regt., son of the late Major Wymer, R.H.A., and grandson of the late General Sir George Petre Wymer, K.C.B., A.D.C.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on July 29, 2018, 03:34:20 PM
 William Carr BRODRIBB

Rank : Captain
Regiment : 3rd Battalion Manchester Regiment
Att. 2nd Battalion
Service number : W0
Conflict : WW1
Date of death : 26th August 1914 aged 28
Buried : Le Cateau Military Cemetery, France, Grave III. A. 2.
Relatives : Son of Francis Benjamin and Helen Brodribb
Memorial : Worcester Cathedral Cloister Windows Kings School
Also appears on : Worcester Kings School WW1 Memorial

Reported missing on 3/9/14 list (Times, 5/9/1914).
WD reported him wounded at Le Cateau.
Unofficially reported killed in March 1915, Burnley Times, 17 March 1915.


Le Cateau Military Cemetery, France

Le Cateau 26th August 1914

By the evening of the 25th August II Corps of the BEF, commanded by  General Smith-Dorrien, had reached Le Cateau, in France. They had been retreating, but still fighting rearguard actions for two long days and they were done in.  The Commander-in-Chief, Sir John French ordered the retreat to continue the next day but Smith-Dorrien chose instead to stand and fight.  He reasoned that with the Germans on their heels a retreat would be disastrous without first halting the German advance. So, on the next day II Corps turned and faced the enemy. A fierce battle ensued when theGermans began an artillery bombardment at dawn. German infantry followed up in the wake of this barrage and became the targets of both the British artillery and infantry. The Germans were held at bay until the afternoon but by then they were threatening the flanks of II Corps. The Brits withdrew, whilst the Germans reorganised. British casualties for the day, killed, wounded or taken prisoner, were nearly 8,000.
2nd Manchester Regt 14th Brigade, 5th Division
At 6am on 26 August in thick mist German artillery opened up from Forest on the troops immediately west of Le Cateau (2nd Suffolk, 2nd Manchester and 1stEast.Surrey) which put a stop to entrenching. Other German batteries from a position 2 miles north-west of Le Cateau (Rambourlieux Farm) opened up against the troops between Le Cateau and the Roman road, enfilading the whole line with destructive effect. One company and a machine gun of 2nd Manchester was pushed forward to the  rear of 2Suffolk prolonging the line to the south.  At 11am 2 more companys of 2nd Manchester were sent up under fierce fire but they managed to reach 2nd Suffolk despite being checked once. However the Germans were steadily gaining ground and it was only the action of a small group of 2nd Manchester with a machine gun that kept them back and allowed the 5th Division artillery to be withdrawn.


The undermentioned Lieutenants to be
Captains: —
Dated 2nd February, 1915.
William C. Brodribb (since killed in

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on August 06, 2018, 09:34:04 PM
2nd Lt, Wilfred Edward Salter Owen, 5th Bn. Manch. R., T.F., attd. 2nd Bn.

Owen was killed in action on 4 November 1918 during the crossing of the Sambre–Oise Canal, exactly one week (almost to the hour) before the signing of the Armistice which ended the war, and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant the day after his death. His mother received the telegram informing her of his death on Armistice Day, as the church bells in Shrewsbury were ringing out in celebration.[8][17] Owen is buried at Ors Communal Cemetery, Ors, in northern France.[18] The inscription on his gravestone, chosen by his mother Susan, is based on a quote from his poetry: "SHALL LIFE RENEW THESE BODIES? OF A TRUTH ALL DEATH WILL HE ANNUL"

If you wish to read more on Wilfred Owen, just google his name or put his name in the forum search, there is a lot of information out there.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on August 16, 2018, 10:49:52 PM

The following are held by the IWM.

Physical description
Circular silver medal 36mm in diameter. The obverse design bears the coinage head of HM King George V surrounded by the legend "GEORGIVS V BRITT : OMN: REX ET IND : IMP". The reverse design depicts a naked male figure, on horseback facing right, holding a sword in his right hand. The horse is trampling on the eagle shield of the Central Powers. To the left of the shield there is a skull and crossbones. In the distance can be seen the sea and above the figure, to the right, a shining sun. The dates 1914 and 1918 appear on the reverse. The medal is suspended from a plain straight suspender bar. The ribbon, approximately 32mm in width, is gold with narrow edge stripes of royal blue black and white and is of watered silk. Mounted with four other medals (Order of the British Empire, 1914 Star, Victory Medal 1914-20, Queen Elizabeth II Coronation medal) inside a wooden frame.

Awarded to Reginald Taverner Miller of the Manchester Regiment.

Reginald ‘Rex’ Taverner Miller OBE, born 18 April 1893 in London, was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant into the Manchester Regiment in October 1912. Posted to France in August 1914 with the 2nd Battalion, Miller was wounded and captured at La Cateau during a German assault which saw the Battalion lose 350 men. As a prisoner of war, Miller was first sent to Germany and then to Switzerland, where he remained interned for the rest of the conflict as part of an agreement between the belligerent nations which saw wounded prisoners of war still considered able to fight interned in the neutral country. This period was recorded by Miller in a diary and photo album, both of which are now in the collection. Miller was repatriated in March 1918 and in 1923 he moved to Chile to work in mining, remaining there until 1930. Married in 1931, he returned to South America in 1938 and in the same year was appointed to a senior position with the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) in Montevideo, Uruguay, under the cover of Civilian Assistant to the Naval Attachés in South America. Here he was primarily involved in gathering intelligence concerning German naval activities in the area, as well as recruiting and managing agents, penetrating Axis communities and engaging in various other clandestine operations. Perhaps most notable in Miller’s SIS career was his role in the scuttling of the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee in December 1939, where his idea of creating false signals to deceive its commander, Captain Hans Langsdorff, into thinking the pursuing British force was greater than it actually was, led to Langsdorff’s decision to scuttle the ship.


3rd Battalion, The Manchester Regiment, Reginald Taverner Miller, late Cadet Officer, Shrewsbury School Contingent, Officers Training Corps, to be Second Lieutenant (on probation). Dated 26th October, 1912.

He was also honored in the Queen's Birthday Honours 1952 while working for the Foreign Office.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on August 24, 2018, 07:46:03 AM
Barnett Dyer Lempriere Gray Anley

Although I have included this Officer he did not go to France with the Battalion but on his MIC
it gives the day after 15/08/1914 the Battalion left?


GOC Infantry Brigade
RMC Sandhurst psc
Manchester Regiment
Barnett Dyer Lempriere Gray Anley was the eldest son of Colonel Barnett N Anley, of Portora, Enniskillen. He was commissioned in the Essex Regiment on 10 October 1894. He served in the South African War (1899-1902), where he was Adjutant 6th Battalion Mounted Infantry, was twice mentioned in despatches and won a DSO.
After passing Staff College, he was appointed GSO3 Coastal Defences Eastern Command (March 1909-May 1912) and GSO3, then GSO2, War Office (May 1912-March 1914).

In July 1912 he was promoted major and transferred to the 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment. This looks suspiciously like someone being fast-tracked for promotion. When the war broke out, however, he did not proceed abroad with his battalion but became Assistant Provost Marshal of 2nd Manchesters’ parent division, the 5th. Anley was APM 5th Division until January 1915. After a short period as DAQMG 3rd Division he became CO 1st Battalion Manchester Regiment (January-March 1915). His command was interrupted by a wound. After recovering, he remained at home as GSO2, then GSO1, Ripon Training Centre (June 1915-January 1916).

He returned to the Western Front on 14 January 1916 as GSO1 41st Division, the junior division of the New Army, which had yet to take part in any offensive operations. Anley remained as 41st Division’s chief of staff, through the Somme battles, including the first use of tanks in September 1916, until 3 May 1917, when he returned home as GSO 1 HQ Home Forces. He remained in this post until August 1918, when he was promoted GOC 183rd Brigade, 61st (2nd South Midland) Division TF. Promotion to brigade command direct from a long period of staff duty at home was most unusual by this stage of the war, but Anley retained his post until the Armistice, leading his brigade in the crossing of the Selle and at Valenciennes.

He remained in the army after the war, commanding 1st Battalion King’s Own (Royal Lancaster) Regiment (November 1919-May 1920), 3rd London Infantry Brigade (May 1920-November 1921) and 125th (Lancashire Fusiliers) Brigade TA (October 1926-November 1928). He was also Commandant of the Senior Officers’ School, Sheerness (November 1921-November 1925). Brigadier-General Anley retired from the Army in 1928.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on August 24, 2018, 07:55:21 AM
Albrecht, Vaudrey Adolph, Major (retired), His Majesty's Army, and Flying Officer, Royal Air Force, Service No: 12179.

Born in the second quarter of 1888 in Worsley, Lancashire. Son of John Adolph and Florence Mary Albrecht; living in Fair View, Broadoak, Lancashire. His father was a Surgeon.

Appointment: London Gazette 18th February 1910, 3rd Battalion, The Manchester Regiment, Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht, to be Second Lieutenant (on probation). Dated 19th February 1910.

Appointment: London Gazette 21st May 1912, The East Lancashire Regiment, Second Lieutenant Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht, from 3rd Battalion The Manchester Regiment.

Appointment cancelled: London Gazette 7th June 1912,The East Lancashire Regiment, the appointment of Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht to a Second Lieutenancy, which appeared in the London Gazette of the 21st May 1912, is cancelled.

Appointment confirmed: London Gazette 7th June 1912,The Manchester Regiment, Second Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht, from 3rd Battalion, to be Second Lieutenant. Dated 8th June 1912.

Appointment: London Gazette 9th June 1914, The Manchester Regiment, Second Lieutenant Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht to be Lieutenant. Dated 28th April 1914.

Appointment: London Gazette 14th January 1916, Lieutenant Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht, Manchester Regiment.

Granted aviators certificate (1703) by the Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom, on 7th September 1915 to Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht (Maurice Farman Biplane, Military School, Birmingham).

Listed in No. 5 Reserve Aeroplane Squadron between 07 August 1915 and 23rd May 1916, Lieutenant, Captain Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht.

Mentioned in dispatches for service with the Egyptian Expeditionary Force, London Gazette, 1st December 1916, during operations of the Force from the 1st June to 30th September 1916 with the names of those officers and men who have rendered distinguished service during the period under review including Royal Flying Corps. Captain Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht M.C., Manchester Regiment.

Mentioned in dispatches for distinguished war service; Edinburgh Gazette 6th January 1919, Major Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht M.C. (I. Force France).

Appointment to the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, in recognition of distinguished service rendered during the War; London Gazette 3rd June 1919. To be Officer of the Military Division of the said Most Excellent Order, Major Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht M.C., (Manchester Regiment), (I. Force, France).

The under mentioned is granted a temporary commission in the ranks stated, on seconding for four years' duty with the R.A.F., London Gazette, 10th October 1922, Flight Lieutenant Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht, O.B.E., M.C., Captain Manchester Regt. 25th September 1922.

The under mentioned resigned the short service commission, London Gazette 13 October 1925 Flight Lieutenant Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht (Captain Manchester Regiment), relinquishes his temporary commission on being placed on the half-pay list (Army) on account of ill health. 14th October 1925.

Granted commission for the duration of hostilities as Pilot Officer on probation, London Gazette 30th July 1940, Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht (81797) 8th July 1940.

The under mentioned Pilot Officer is granted the war substantive rank of Flying Officer, London Gazette, 22nd August 1941, Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht, O.B.E., M.C. (12179) 9th April 1941.

The under mentioned officer on probation is confirmed in the appointment as Flying Officer, London Gazette, 12th September, 1941,Vaudrey Adolph Albrecht, O.B.E., M.C. (12179) 8th July 1941.

Vaüdrey Adolph Albrecht, died 7th September 1944 aged 56 years. At the time he was living at ‘Hillcrest’ Littleover, Derbyshire he was a retired Major of His Majesty's Army, and a Member of the Royal Air Force. He was living with his sister Eileen Mary Albrecht, a spinster.

It is unknown where he is buried; his death was registered in the 3rd quarter 1944 in Shardlow R.D.C, which covered Littleover. He is commemorated on the War Memorial in Littleover (St Peter’s Church) Graveyard.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: Tim Bell on August 24, 2018, 10:26:19 AM
Adolphe Vaudrey was the cousin of Captains Norman & Claude Vaudrey of 17th & 1st Bttns respectively.  Both killed in 1916. ( & (
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on August 24, 2018, 04:03:56 PM
Thank you Tim

I think we had this discussion before on the forum with Philips Manchester Officers that served in the RFC.

He may of been their cousin, but his name is  Vaüdrey Adolph Albrecht and not Adolphe Vaudrey.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: Tim Bell on August 25, 2018, 12:25:51 PM
You're quite right.  His first name was Vaudrey.  His mother was the 2nd sister of William Henry Vaudrey (One time Mayor of Manchester) - father of Norman and Claude.  The 1911 census confirms he was the nephew of Wm. as an Army Student. Despite a germanic name, the Albrecht family had been in Lancashire or at least 2 earlier generations.
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on August 25, 2018, 05:19:55 PM
Thanks Tim

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 22, 2019, 09:40:59 AM
2nd Lieutenant John Herbert Michael Smith, 2nd Manchester Regiment.


The Manchester Regiment, Second Lieutenant. John Herbert Michael Smith,
from 3rd Battalion, The Northamptonshire Regiment,, to be Second Lieutenant.
Dated 27th September, 1913.

MONTREUIL AUX LIONS British Cemetery (Aisne France)
History Information
The cemetery was made after the Armistice when graves were brought in from the battlefields of the Aisne.
There are special memorials to 16 casualties known or believed to be buried among them this includes the
two Manchester Officers.

Name:   John Herbert Michael Smith
Death Date: 10 Sep 1914
Rank:   2 Lieutenant
Regiment:   Manchester Regiment
Battalion:   2nd Battalion
Type of Casualty:   Died of wounds

2nd Lieutenant John Herbert Michael Smith, 2nd Manchester Regiment.
Killed in action 10 September 1914, aged 25.
Son of Mr and Mrs J. H. Smith, Cobthorne, Oundle.
Buried in Montreuil-Aux-Lions British Cemetery, Aisne.

His name is  inscribed on the Oundle War Memorial.

Although the CWGC has his death down as the 10th September
and dying of wounds, in the war diaries it says that he and
2nd Lt Arthur Grant Bourne Chittenden both were killed on the
9th of September 1914. Captain Foord was wounded and after being
left on the battlefield all night he was recovered and taken to hospital
the next day.


Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 22, 2019, 04:01:48 PM
 List of Officers that served with the 2nd Battalion the Manchester Regiment in this Topic.

 Some of these will have been covered before on the forum, I'm just consolidating them in one place.
 At the top of each new page will be a list of Officer's covered on that page as follows.

          1) 2nd Lieutenant John Herbert Michael Smith, 2nd Manchester Regiment.
              (Continued from the last post.)

          2) Captain Arthur George Tillard 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.

          3) Lt., Reginald Blencowe Bayliss 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.

          4) Lieutenant John Henry Loftus Reade 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

          5) Second Lieutenant Clarence Leslie Bentley 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment
          6) Major Alexander Gunning Foord 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 22, 2019, 04:06:28 PM
  2nd Lieutenant John Herbert Michael Smith, 2nd Manchester Regiment.
              (Continued from the last post.)

The grave registration report form.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 22, 2019, 04:22:46 PM
Captain Arthur George Tillard 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.

Name   Arthur George TILLARD   

Rank/Number   Captain   
Regiment   Manchester Regiment   3rd Bn attd A Coy 2nd Bn
Age/Date of death   39      20 Oct 1914
How died/Theatre of war   Killed in action   France & Flanders
Last known address   
Cemetery   Le Touret Memorial, Pas de Calais, France
Grave or Memorial Reference   Panels 34 & 35
Location of memorial   Denham St Mary

Date/Place of birth   Dec qtr 1874      Ore, Hastings, Sussex
Date/Place of baptism   
Pre-war occupation of Casualty   army officer
Parents   Rev James & late Jane Tillard
Parent's occupation   Clerk in Holy Orders
Parents' Address (last known)   Clerk in Holy Orders
Wife   Emily Katherine Tillard nee Close-Brooks
Wife's Address (last known)   Maltmas Green, Denham
Notes   died near La Bassee. Served in South African campaign

There is an oval plague at,

St. Mary the Virgin Church
Village Road
South Bucks

The following can all be found here,

Thank you to Philip and Charlie for their contributions

Also there is a oval plaque in St Marys Church,
Denham, Buckinghamshire, near Uxbridge, West London

Captain Arthur George Tillard, d.1914, killed in action near La Bassoc,
and son David George Tillard, d.1929 in Marlborough, erected by the
unnamed wife and mother. An oval plaque with a narrow border and
cartouche with painted emblem on top.

Enquiries were made to the Red Cross in December 1914 regarding the fate of Capt. Tillard. Capt Selasinky was luckier and appears to have survived the war.

Hauptmann Eberhard Karl Gustav Alfred Hermann von Selasen-Selasinsky was, as to be expected, a pre war soldier. Post war, as a retired Major, he was involved in a minor way in returning Crown Prince Wilhelm (the Kaiser's son) to Germany after he had spent 5 years in exile in Holland. He was recalled for the next war and ended up as a Lt. Col. in the Luftwaffe. He lived to the age of 95 and died in 1974.

Perhaps more relevant to the Regiment is that he was, as stated in the newspaper cutting, an ADC in the 25th Infantry Brigade when he wrote the letters. He was in fact an officer in IR158, which was a component of 25 Inf Bde, and was a Company Commander at the start of the war. Manchester Hill in 1918 was thus not the first time the Regiment had faced IR158.


I take it that "Mrs Tillard's brother who had received a commission in the same regiment" was Captain Arthur Brooks Close-Brooks MC late of the 3rd Manchesters who DOW on the 10th January 1917 and is buried in Amara War Cemetery.
Timberman & Charlie,

                                  Captain Arthur George Tillard

May I make some observations relating to this officer which have emerged from your excellent research?

Firstly, I refer to Reply No. 15 in which Timberman refers to a commemorative plaque in St.Mary's church in Denham, Buckinghamshire, where Tillard's wife resided.  I assume the "unnamed mother" will be Mrs Emily Katherine Tillard (nee Close-Brooks).   Reference is made on this plaque to the sad death of Tillard's son - David George Tillard - who died in 1929 in Marlborough.  I wonder whether or not David Tillard was a pupil at Marlborough College at that time - one of England's top public schools?

Secondly, I refer to Reply No.13 and in particular, to the newspaper cutting in which reference is made to Mrs Tillard's brother, which I suggested would be Arthur Brooks Close-Brooks', who died on active service with the Manchesters and  is buried in Amara War Cemetery.   I wonder if I am correct in that assumption?

Thirdly, I turn to Reply No. 16 and Charlie's helpful contribution, where it seems, in addition to enquiries by Mrs Tillard, there were enquiries by a Miss Tillard of St.Ives, Hunts. (the Captain's sister?) and it would appear from persons domiciled in Switzerland, too.  Is that interpretation correct, Charlie?

Finally, I note that Captain Tillard's name is, like that of 2nd Lt. R.F.Walker,recorded on the Tablet relating to the Manchester Regt. in the Royal Military College's Memorial Chapel at Sandhurst.   

You are correct. Enquiries were made by the following:
Mrs Tillard
Mrs Cocke
Mrs Venning
Miss Tillard - Hemingford Grey
Mlle Laure de Wild, resident in Münchenbuchsee, Canton Bern
Mme Dunant of Geneve.

If my very poor understanding of the French language is correct, it was thought he may have been a PoW in Darmstadt. There is also a reference to Amsterdam. Perhaps someone who understands French could be more specific.

Unfortunately none of the documents relating to the enquiries have survived.

In the clipping it  say's his wife received two or three letters from
Captain E Von Selasinky ADC of the 25th Brigade of infantry Prussian


Hauptmann Eberhard Karl Gustav Alfred Hermann von Selasen-Selasinsky was, as to be expected, a pre war soldier. Post war, as a retired Major, he was involved in a minor way in returning Crown Prince Wilhelm (the Kaiser's son) to Germany after he had spent 5 years in exile in Holland. He was recalled for the next war and ended up as a Lt. Col. in the Luftwaffe. He lived to the age of 95 and died in 1974.

Perhaps more relevant to the Regiment is that he was, as stated in the newspaper cutting, an ADC in the 25th Infantry Brigade when he wrote the letters. He was in fact an officer in IR158, which was a component of 25 Inf Bde, and was a Company Commander at the start of the war. Manchester Hill in 1918 was thus not the first time the Regiment had faced IR158.


Click on the pictures to make them bigger.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on March 22, 2019, 04:26:41 PM
Captain Arthur George Tillard 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment.

 (continued from last post)

Click on the pictures to make them bigger.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: timberman on June 16, 2019, 09:59:57 PM
Lt., Reginald Blencowe Bayliss

Source : De Ruvigny's Roll Of Honour Vol 3

Name:   Reginald Blencowe Bayliss
Death Date:   18 Nov 1916
Rank:   2 Lieutenant
Regiment:   Manchester Regiment
Battalion:   2nd Battalion
Type of Casualty:   Died of wounds


The Manchester Regiment.
The undermentioned to be temporary
Second Lieutenants: —
Dated 8th December, 1915.
Charles Edward Poynton.
Denis John Charles Adams.
Reginald Blencowe Bayliss. Dated llth.
December, 1915.

The following information was sent to me by one of the members MrsPGC thank you.

 2nd Lieut. R.B. Bayliss is one of the soldiers researched by volunteers of the WW1 Lives Project. There is a file about him and his family  at the East Riding of Yorkshire Archives, Beverley (available soon). Reginald B. Bayliss, born 1894, High Wycombe, Bkm had two brothers, Frederick Archibald Bayliss, born 1890, Alford, Lin (who went to America) and Norman Bayliss, born 1896, Abingdon, Bks (WW1, Leicester Regiment) and a sister, May, born 1887, Brandon, Sfk (later wife of the Rev James Edward Knott). Their father, the Rev Archibald Bayliss (1854-1942) was a minister of the Wesleyan Church.
Here are some newspaper reports concerning 2nd/Lieut. Reginald Blencowe Bayliss, 2nd Battalion. Wounded and Missing 18th November 1916.
1. Hull Daily Mail, 14th Dec 1916. Page 5.
Beverley Officer Missing. News has been received by the Rev A. Bayliss, minister of Beverley Wesley Church, that his son, Lieut. R.B. Bayliss (Manchester Regiment) has been wounded and is missing. His Colonel* writes, in a later message, that when last seen Lieut. Bayliss was fighting in the German trenches and is now missing. Before enlisting Lieut. Bayliss was employed at a bank in Hull.
2. Hull Daily Mail, 16th Dec 1916. Page 2.
(Identical report to the previous one)
3. Beverley & East Riding Recorder, 16th Dec 1916. Page 5.
Roll of Honour. Beverley Maintains its Traditions. Lieut H.B. Bayliss, Manchester Regiment, son of Rev A. Bayliss, Wesleyan Minister, Beverley. Wounded and missing. (with photograph)
(Misprint of his first initial - not H, as printed - his Christian name was Reginald.)
4. Beverley and East Riding Recorder, 16th Dec 1916. Page 5.
Beverley Lieutenant Missing. The sad news reached the Rev. A. Bayliss, minister of the Wesley Church at Beverley, that his son, Lieut. H.B. Bayliss (Manchester Regiment) was wounded and missing. A letter from his commanding officer states that Lieut. Bayliss was wounded and when last seen was still fighting in the German trenches and he is now missing. Before enlisting he was in the London Joint Stock Bank at Hull.
5. The Yorkshire Post, 18th Dec 1916. Page 10.
The Roll of Honour. Sec. Lieut. R.B. Bayliss, Manchester Regiment, reported wounded and missing after an attack in which he took part about a month ago, is a son of the Rev. Archibald Bayliss, Wesleyan minister of St Giles' Croft, Beverley and late of Westgate, Louth. One of the latest reports stated that the young officer was seen fighting after he had been wounded. His commanding officer* writes of him in most appreciative terms. Before going to Louth his father was stationed at Withernsea, and was for some years at Cleckheaton and Grantham.
6. De Ruvigney's Roll of Honour, 1914-1919.
Reginal Blencowe Bayliss, 2nd Lt. 2nd Bn, Manchester Regiment of 12 St Giles Croft, Beverley. Born 9th June 1894. Educated Kingswood School, Bath....Joined Lincoln's Inns of Court OTC, 10th Jun 1915. Gazetted 2nd Lt. Manchester Regiment 11th Dec 1915, being appointed to the 27th (Local Reserve) Bn and later 2nd Bn. Served with the Expeditionary Force in F&F from 15th Jul 1916 and was killed in the action at Serre 18th Nov 1916 following. His commander* wrote of him as a most promising officer and Capt. Keeley** of the 27th Bn wrote "He did not know the meaning of fear and was always persevering and conscientious in all his duties and his first thought was always for his men."
(*Lt.-Colonel Noel Luxmoore, DSO)
(**Capt Arthur W. Keeley, 27th Bn)

Perhaps 2nd Lt.R.B. Bayliss is the gallant officer from the blazing dugout, near Beaumont Hamel.

The following is from the IWM Collections

2 Lt Bayliss died, aged 22, on 18 November 1916.
He was the son of the Rev. Archibald and Mary James Bayliss, of 49, Arthur Street, Withernsea, Yorkshire. He was born at High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire.

The 1901 census has Reginald aged 6 living with his parents, brother Newman 4, and sister May 13 at The Manse, Church Road, Lyminge. His father was a Wesleyan minister and his mother's family manufactured needles. By 1911 when he was 16 he was a boarder at Kingswood School, Landowne Road, Bath. He appears in the De Ruvigny Roll of Honour 1914-1924 and it states that he was born 9th June 1894 and educated at Kingswood School, Bath. He then entered the Hull branch of the London Joint Stock Bank and joined the Lincoln Inns of Court OTC (officer training Corps) on 10th June 1915.
He was gazetted as a 2nd Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment on 11th December 1915. He was first appointed to the 27th battalion and then later to the 2nd battalion. He went to France on 15th July 1916 and was killed at Serre on 18th November 1916. His commander wrote of him as a most promising officer and Capt Keeley of the 27th battalion wrote ' He did not know the meaning of fear and was always persevering and conscientious in all his duties and his first thought was always for his men.' At the time of his death the family were living at 12 St Giles Croft, Beverley, Yorkshire.
He has no known grave and is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial, France.
Reginald takes his second name Blencowe from his Grandmother Mary Anne Blencowe born 1825 Brackely.
Reginald and his company were killed wounded or taken POW when they were involved in a disastrous attack on 18th November 1916 this from website at batt.htm
"On the 18th November the 2nd battalion, still short of bombs, attacked from Lager Alley and on to Munich Trench and Trench 28. " The Manchesters gained their objective and were the only regiment to do so" the company that was covering their flank were ambushed from a dugout that hadn't been cleared, "The company got into Munich and 28th Trench but were unable to advance or withdraw, bombs were scarce, the Germans were on both sides of them and advancing up a trench in front of them. when a dugout caught fire and the smoke was so dense that the men had to put on their gas masks. This party was all killed, wounded or taken prisoner." the place was found later with all their bodies grouped together. 'The second battalion was practically wiped out' Brigade Commander."

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: Timberman on August 17, 2019, 06:28:36 PM
John Henry Loftus Reade (1881-1914)

In 1996 a box containing 538 letters written between 1895 and 1914 by Lieutenant John Henry Loftus Reade was presented to the Manchester Regiment’s 1st Battalion, then serving in Belfast. The donor was his kinswoman Mrs Rosemary Wilkinson, daughter of Dr Richard Brandon of Castletown, County Fermanagh.
After some intensive sorting by two members of the Regimental Association, the letters were deposited in their archive which is held in the Local Studies Library of Tameside Council, Ashton-under-Lyne. Loftus Reade was killed in action during the third month of the First World War while serving with the Regiment’s 2nd Battalion. I have attempted to catalogue these twenty years of his writing as part of my voluntary work at the Library, where all the letters and their summaries year-by-year can be viewed. This article aims to summarise the summaries.
Although Loftus Reade had been with the Regiment since 1902, he did not apparently set foot in Manchester until a brief visit six years later. According to Burke’s Irish Family Records (1976), the Reades lived in Ireland from Cromwellian times and George Reade was made High Sheriff of Wexford in 1768. His son, another George, married the niece of Charles Loftus Tottenham, Marquess of Ely (in Ireland), and from then onwards the name of Loftus appears in each generation. The younger George’s son Loftus was a Church of Ireland priest who moved from Wexford to County Fermanagh in 1826, and in 1830 became Prebendary of Devenish near Enniskillen. His marriage four years later proved significant, because his wife Rosanna was a daughter of John Brien from the neighbouring estate of Castletown.
Lieutenant Loftus Reade (who always signed himself as Loftus) was this clergyman’s grandson. Loftus’s father John Henry was a legal civil servant who by 1891 was Principal Clerk of the Local Government Board in London, and his mother Annabella Willans was of Irish origin but born and probably brought up in the city.
The London 1881 Census shows them living with Annabella’s parents, then ten years later they had their own home in Hampstead, where Loftus attended Loudoun House, a local school. But the situation was drastically changed by a series of deaths. Grandfather Willans had died in 1884, then Annabella’s mother and husband both died in 1894, leaving her with three children. These were Elinor (15), Loftus (13) and Constance (11).
Loftus’s letters start in January 1895, four months after his father’s death; they remain edged in black until April 1897. He had just entered the Fourth Form of St Columba’s College at Rathfarnham, on the southern edge of Dublin, leaving his mother and sisters in their new home at Bundoran, on the coast of County Donegal.
This Church of Ireland boarding school of 108 boys, one of the most prestigious in the country, was headed by Dr Whelan, a distant cousin. Loftus would have preferred to attend the much closer Portora Royal School, but the choice may not even have been his mother’s. It soon becomes clear from his letters that Annabella did not have financial control. Her husband had apparently failed to leave a will, and the holder of the purse-strings was an “obstinate old lady” (as he later described her), Mrs Brien, who lived in Dublin. Although she was his great-uncle’s widow, he never referred to her in any closer terms. The Brien pedigree (available on Ulster Ancestry’s website) reveals her maiden name as Frances Smyth.
Until 1912, Loftus wrote generally once a week to his “darling mother”, with a few letters to the “dear girls”. None of their replies are known to have been preserved. Throughout the years his handwriting matured but remained immaculate, his spelling and grammar were perfect, and his sentiments were restrained. Only occasionally, as with Mrs Brien’s miserliness or his frustrations over his army prospects, did he break into sardonic irritation. So in 1895 he calmly informed Annabella about the bullying and caning at his new school, but he reached third place in class and moved into the Fifth Form in September. By July 1896 he was excelling in the curriculum of Latin, Greek and Mathematics, he had been confirmed in the church, and he was made a prefect in September with charge of a dormitory. One of the privileges he most prized was freedom from corporal punishment; though he stopped short of condemning it, there is no sign that he approved of it or carried it out on younger boys.
Although Loftus always remained modest, his all-round abilities still come through. In January 1897, though not quite 16, he was made Acting Head of the Sixth Form during a measles epidemic, and had to help cope with the aftermath of a serious school fire. He also took a lead in producing “The Columban” college magazine, and was a keen rugby and cricket player. Yet there was no satisfying Mrs Brien, to whom “letter-writing is a weariness unto the flesh”.
By late 1898 he had risen to second in class, but Mrs Brien decided that enough had been spent on his schooling. Loftus wanted to see out the school year, but she had resolved that he should start at Trinity College Dublin the following January. He therefore scraped through the entrance exam and began his studies (which were still Classics and Maths) poorly prepared and in uncomfortable lodgings.
The situation was complicated in May 1899 by the sudden death of Loftus’s eccentric Aunt Willy, actually his great-aunt Mrs Wilhelmina Braddell. This widow was one of the three children of John Brien of Castletown, the others being Loftus’s grandmother Rosanna and John Dawson Brien, Mrs Brien’s husband, who had died in 1881. Only Rosanna had produced children, and Loftus was her sole grandson. Although Aunt Willy had nominal possession of Castletown, she had lived in Dublin for over thirty years whilst her Fermanagh estate was managed by her agent, Mr Plunkett. Loftus had visited her occasionally, but his spirits sank when he discovered the state of her Dublin home, containing endless boxes of old papers and three drunken servants.
Fortunately her brother-in-law came to the rescue. Banknotes were found in unlikely corners and so Aunt Willy was given a good wake before the will was settled. She had lived so frugally that one observer described her funeral procession as “the dearest journey she ever took in her life”.
Less fortunately, Aunt Willy had promised legacies to all and sundry but her will was not the clearest of documents. Loftus found himself neglecting his studies for innumerable meetings with solicitors, much to Mrs Brien’s disapproval. It seems that she had agreed to take her share of the estate on her husband’s death in the form of income rather than actual land, so there was no dispute that Loftus should inherit the whole of Castletown - a mansion largely built by John Dawson Brien in 1869, the year after his marriage, with the ruined seventeenth century Monea Castle nearby.
The house was surrounded by its domain of tenant farmers, covering 5,085 acres at this date according to the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. However, it was not apparent from the will that the house’s contents were included, and a codicil stated that any unspecified property was to be divided between a string of relatives. What final agreement was reached is unclear from the letters, but in early 1900 Loftus’s mother and sisters were able to move into Castletown. Henceforward Loftus took on the cares of a generally absentee landlord, worried about the expenses of estate management and concerned that Elinor and Constance had no provision of their own. Plunkett (as he was always called) continued as his agent; their relationship seems to have been efficient but always formal.
Although Loftus moved to rooms in Trinity College, dissatisfaction with his course and city life was perhaps increased by his new responsibilities. He was also aware that Boer War recruitment had accelerated, with many regular and militia troops being despatched to South Africa in 1899 and 1900. From January 1900 Loftus considered an army career. He believed that he could receive a commission in June of that year and duly sat a test, but apparently the War Office changed policy on awarding commissions to undergraduates. However, he wrote no more letters from Trinity College after that date, apparently abandoning his course (although his name appears on the College’s War Memorial).
His next letter home is dated June 1901, by which time he was a Second Lieutenant  in the Royal Irish Rifles’ 5th (Militia) Battalion at Belfast. The next month he sailed from Southampton to Durban, a seventeen-day voyage on RMS Orotava. “There are a few ladies on board” he wrote, “all middle-aged, going out to ‘concentration camps’ at the Cape, one of them being Lady Knox” the wife of a serving Colonel. (These camps had been set up to hold Boer women and children, and reports of their disease-ridden conditions had resulted in British volunteers.)
Once landed, Loftus took the train to Vredefort Road Camp in what had been the Orange Free State, now the Orange River Colony. The final bitter stage of the war consisted mainly of sporadic skirmishes, but Loftus felt that “this life suits me down to the ground”. He was appointed Transport Officer at Kopjes Station, north of Vredefort and closer to the outposts of Boer resistance, where he dealt with both trains and mules, also using this opportunity to learn polo and shoot “a lot of queer birds”. Letters home were still penned regularly once a week on the battalion’s notepaper.
Thirty-three Riflemen died from gunshot or disease before peace was made in June 1902. Loftus’s final posting was in charge of a line of blockhouses (or small fortifications) with a garrison of 24 soldiers and 50 “kaffirs”. Although the blockhouses had been attacked in previous months, none were ever taken and Loftus did not experience any direct action. Then on 28 January 1902 came “a total surprise”; he was commissioned Second Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment, which had two regular battalions in South Africa and two at home. By May he was with the 4th Battalion at Cork Barracks, a regular officer who had earned his rank rather than acquired it through any connections.
Henceforth he was to settle into the routines of peacetime military life, with the training of new recruits, countryside manoeuvres, summer camp under canvas and the sporting and social activities of the officers’ mess. In October he was sent off to Hythe in Kent for a six-week musketry course, and on return instantly became the expert and trainer in this field. His reward was to be promoted Lieutenant in November 1903, aged 22, though he commented that “it will take the next fifteen years to Captain”.

To be continued.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: Timberman on August 17, 2019, 06:31:11 PM
John Henry Loftus Reade (1881-1914) continued

Loftus’s Battalion remained at Cork until late in 1905, and letters show that he had “lashings of work”. He was made Assistant Adjutant at the same time as Lieutenant, which entailed administrative and disciplinary duties; he was expected to hand out fines or guardroom confinements for drunken escapades, and had to arbitrate with a local farmer over a sheep-stealing episode. He attended race-meetings with his colleagues but had neither the taste nor funds for their hunting activities, preferring to develop his golfing skills. At the same time he attempted to oversee his estate, ensure Mrs Brien’s annuity and show protective concern towards his sisters, as he must have realised what limited lives they led. He encouraged them in their extended visits to friends and relations, in their gardening and bee-keeping, and, with Constance, her increasing skills in photography. Flowers and photographs were always welcomed.
In November 1905 the Battalion was transferred to Corunna Barracks at Aldershot, a town that Loftus instantly disliked (though he later admitted that he hated all new places but grew to tolerate them before being moved again). He was also made acting Adjutant, a post held off and on for four years until it became official; the job brought him an extra £40 a year plus a horse. After a year in Aldershot, the Battalion was posted to Fort Albert on the Channel Island of Alderney, where Loftus spent a bleak Christmas in 1906. The windswept isle had “six trees and twenty forts, mostly derelict”, yet he came to prefer it to “suburban Guernsey” when some of the Battalion were deployed there and he had the chance of a transfer.
With the company of eleven other officers, one policeman and one magistrate (who had to arbitrate over the islanders’ rights to shipwrecks), he could shoot gulls and play golf every day when weather permitted. He also found that the once or twice-weekly mailboat deliveries cut down on wasteful time in the Adjutant’s office.
Political concerns developed from 1906, with the election of a Liberal government resolved on military cutbacks. While Loftus was on Alderney it was announced that the Manchester Regiment would be halved from four Battalions to two, but he survived reorganisation to emerge in January 1908 as acting Adjutant for the 2nd Battalion, based at Cambridge Barracks, Portsmouth. Then in June he was in the Guard of Honour for the visit of the Duchess of Albany, who was the King’s sister-in-law. “It was extremely hot for a tunic” he wrote, “but it all went off very nicely”.
Meanwhile at home he encouraged Plunkett in selling off land to tenants, so giving a boost to the family’s uncertain income. He lamented that he had “to soldier permanently for a living” after he performed badly at a promotional exam in December because “I haven’t the brains of a fly”. (Modern readers may doubt this on looking at his meticulously researched twenty-page essay about Stonewall Jackson’s 1862 Virginia Campaign, written as a training exercise in 1905.)
In March 1909 Loftus, now aged 28, was elected Mess President, perhaps because he was not subject to the Battalion’s “matrimonial epidemic”. Naturally he would not disclose all his private activities in letters home, but over the years there is never a hint of romance. In fact, Loftus tried to avoid society dinners and dances whenever possible. Nor does he ever mention any close male friends, whether in school, university or regiment. It would be wrong, however, to assume that he was a recluse; he was known to have a good baritone voice, and was prepared to perform at small gatherings. Yet he always gives the impression of being detached from others,
happiest when reading one of his sisters’ novels, playing golf, or on a shoot in the country.
Loftus’s routine was interrupted in September 1909 when, after six weeks of manoeuvres on Salisbury Plain, the Battalion transferred to Mullingar in County Westmeath. The barracks proved comfortable, though there was “no dirtier town in Ireland”. Social life consisted of visits to the local gentry, including the Tottenhams of Tudenham House who were distant relatives. Contact was easier when his colleague Captain Theobald was prepared to share his motor-car (make unspecified). Loftus still avoided hunting (“the Irishman is a brute where animals are concerned”) and liked escaping from the Mess provided that he was not expected to socialise too much with his hosts’ hopeful daughters or nieces.
National and international politics now increasingly entered into Loftus’s letters. The Liberal government was pledged to introduce Irish Home Rule, but had been frustrated by the House of Lords’ power of veto. Tensions in Ireland had risen, and in Mullingar there were occasional bad words (though no apparent violence) between soldiers and locals. In May 1910 the new King George V was proclaimed at Mullingar without public enthusiasm, only the military singing the National Anthem. Loftus believed the government to be dangerously weak both at home and abroad. He warned his mother in May that “it is high time everybody put their affairs in order with a view to the approaching war with Germany”. But then a war “would settle our promotion troubles”.
There were diversions in June 1911, when Loftus travelled to London in order to supervise the Battalion’s ceremonial drill at the Coronation, and in July, when the King presented new colours to all the five regiments in Ireland. Two months later he feared that the same troops would be used to intervene in a Dublin strike, but in the end they were not involved. Back at Castletown, Elinor had played a large part, along with the Rector of Devenish, in fund-raising for a new school, and she had presided over its opening in February when Loftus was unable to attend. This boosted her confidence into becoming an organiser and speaker for the Women’s Unionist Movement. And as the 1911 Parliament Act had removed the House of Lords’ power of veto, the prospect of Home Rule was drawing closer.
In October 1911 the Battalion moved to Keane Barracks on the Curragh, the grassy plain in County Kildare that provided both a racecourse and the major army base in Ireland. Three months later, they were sent to Belfast because violence was expected during a visit from one of the government’s keenest Home Rulers, Winston Churchill. Loftus wrote home that “The battalion is in Belfast and I am here (at base). I don’t feel very noble over it. But when it seemed as if there would be serious trouble with the Orangemen, I told the Colonel that I really could not go and he agreed to leave me behind.” The troops were not called into action, although “Winston would have been badly mobbed but for having his wife with him”. Loftus however “washed (his) hands of Orangeism and all its ways” because soldiers were illicitly handed leaflets urging them not to fight against their fellow citizens. Unlike his sister Elinor, his mind had become “an absolute blank on the matter” of Home Rule.
Loftus’s adjutancy was due to end in December 1912. He had now served six postings with the regiment, ranging from over three years at Cork to ten months in Alderney, and he reluctantly expected a transfer to India. So he visited Mrs Brien, now nearly blind but still expecting updates on “the safe custody of her marriage settlement”. Then he was saved by the appearance of another lieutenant who drew the short straw. In February 1913 he arrived instead at the Regimental Depot in Ashton-under-Lyne.
There are only four letters home preserved from 1913, sent between February and July. Eight officers were based at what was later called Ladysmith Barracks, built between “sombre moors and endless mills”. A march round the local towns resembled “being led into Dante’s Inferno”. But as four colleagues had cars, there were excursions into Manchester and through the “Stockport slums” to Alderley Edge, home of Lieutenant Holberton (later a war hero). Loftus had attended several refresher courses on musketry skills, and now again took shooting practice with recruits, this time at Fleetwood on the Lancashire coast. These “troglodytes”, as he called them, were required to pass a test and so new officers had to watch out for experienced soldiers being bribed to impersonate the less able. Fleetwood was followed by summer camp near Appleby. Loftus’s life sounds less stressed than in his adjutancy days, though he was bothered about “socialism in the ranks”. But he had perhaps become more cynical, conscious that his career had stalled and he had been sidelined.
From the start of 1914, Loftus was concerned about his mother’s sciatica which confined her to bed, but his letters continued to comment on the fraught Irish situation. On 20 March the Commander at the Curragh gave his officers the choice between resigning their commissions or fighting the Ulster Unionists, a step which he believed the government was about to order; fifty-seven (though none from the Manchester Regiment) offered to resign. Word got out, and the government claimed there had been confusion about its intentions, but others smelled a plot. Loftus had no time for Unionist conspiracy theories. “I’m sick of the government, equally sick of the opposition, and sick almost more than all with the Morning Post” he wrote home on 2 April. “The whole trouble did arise out of misunderstandings – the evidence of a plot to force a conflict in Ulster isn’t enough to hang a fly on.”
Then on 30 April Annabella died, aged 72. She must have concealed her terminal condition from her son. Blacked-edged correspondence resumed with the sisters in June along much the same lines as before, ranging from speculation about a general election to comments on a jolly trip to Blackpool. Two months later “Armageddon has come at last”. War was declared on 4 August, which gave “an unrivalled opportunity of getting rid of the German menace”. The Home Rule Bill was finally given royal assent in September, but suspended for the war. However, Loftus realized that the fighting was not going to be finished quickly and he did not expect Irish Nationalists to be “loyal citizens until the war’s over”.
Loftus returned to his Battalion at the Curragh on 10 August and sailed six days later on the crowded “Buteshire” from Dublin. The battalion currently comprised 20 officers and 570 other ranks, and were to join the British Expeditionary Force in northern France. During the next eleven weeks Loftus managed to send his sisters five pre-printed postcards and five letters in minute pencilled handwriting.
He began by assuring them of the arrangements made with his solicitor before departure, then listed his practical needs for socks, handkerchiefs, soap, chocolate and cigarettes. Censorship meant that he could not describe the campaign, but he could tell Elinor and Constance that he had been made Adjutant again in September after his predecessor had been killed in carrying out the hazardous task of passing on orders. Yet it was still “a wonderful time to live through”.
His last letter is dated 28 October. “I am still as fit as ever” he wrote, “but sleep has been at a discount”. He knew that he had already been mentioned for valour in despatches, and “to know that it has given you pleasure gives me pleasure too. God bless you both”. This was written the day before his death, and so must have reached home after the fateful telegram of 1 November, sent in the War Secretary’s name. “Deeply regret to inform you” it stated, “that Lieut. JHL Reade Manchester Regt was killed in action 28-29 October. Lord Kitchener expresses his sympathy.” Loftus was aged 33 years and 8 months. Mrs Brien had outlived him; she lingered on until December 1917, and was buried with her husband in Dublin.
The box of Loftus’s letters also contained the official notices of his death, obituaries clipped from Irish newspapers, a few South African photographs and twenty-four letters of condolence. No family letters were included. The earliest, dated 2 November 1914, is from the Rector of Devenish, William Steele. Comments on Loftus’s “blameless and upright life”, and his support for the church, were to form the basis of the Rector’s funeral sermon, reproduced in full by the Fermanagh Times. Other missives were from the Parish Vestry, the local Rifle Club, the Orange Lodge, the sisters’ war nursing class, and several neighbours. One of these wrote that “everyone hoped he might settle down as Squire in Castletown”. But the most poignant were six letters from Loftus’s wartime colleagues, written whilst recovering from wounds in England and so free from the censorship of the front. It is from their accounts that the Lieutenant’s movements during his final weeks can be reconstructed.
The Battalion’s first encounter with the Germans occurred on 23 August, at the Mons-Conde canal. Three days later there was a fierce fight at Le Cateau, south of Mons, after which Loftus’s commanding officer, Colonel James, mentioned him in despatches. Another participant was a Private Richards who was nursed by the sisters’ friend Alice Tottenham in Torquay. She got him to describe what had happened, and then passed on the details. “All his men used to wonder at his courage. He went across a zone of fire to get orders, and would let no one go but himself. When a bullet hit his cap, he got up and came back laughing, and he used to wear the cap afterwards with the hole through the peak.” Loftus’s old motoring colleague from Mullingar, Captain Theobald, also wrote that “he was absolutely without any sort of fear in action.”
Two witnesses to Loftus’s final moments also contacted the sisters. One was his immediate chief, Captain Hardcastle, whom he had first known on Alderney. Hardcastle was with him in the trenches at Festubert, about fifty miles west of Mons, where Loftus had told him that “I’d sooner be here than at Ashton”. He wrote that “Suddenly we saw them (the Germans) rushing our forward trenches, and Loftus ran along the supporting trench, steadying the men. He must have exposed himself in his haste, because he’d hardly got to the end of the line before a man told me he’d been hit. As soon as we had driven them back, I went to him and found a bullet had gone through his neck. When night fell, he was buried with others near a small farm, and after the burials the regiment withdrew from the firing line. ”
Alice Tottenham also prompted another wounded Private for his memories, which he committed to paper himself. JM Hall wrote that “About seven o’clock on the morning of 29 October Lieut. Reade was dashing up and down giving his orders and urging on his men when a sniper fired and hit him in the head. He never spoke a word after, and I can honestly say what I saw of Lieut. Reade was, he was a brave and gallant soldier.” The sisters sent Private Hall a cigarette case, and in a letter of thanks he promised on his return to look for their brother’s grave if possible. But there seems to be no further word from him, and in November 1916 Elinor and Constance got the Director of Graves Registration to confirm that Loftus was indeed buried at Festubert.
Included amongst the letters was one sent to Loftus himself in April 1914 by Arthur Bathurst, an acquaintance from another regiment, in reply to an earlier post. Bathurst wrote that “Your letter sums up both the political and military situation with an impartiality which is extremely rare in any class of the community, and especially so in the Army and from an Irishman!” Loftus’s impartiality was mature and enlightened; he understood that the Irish troubles would not be resolved by one party triumphing over the other, and that the German conflict would be prolonged and devastating. Yet it was also symptomatic of that sense of detachment which had grown increasingly cynical during the frustrations of twelve years’ peacetime soldiering. Once at the front, however, an entirely different spirit of heroic recklessness seems to have taken him over, and the twelve years of detachment were followed by two months of glory and then death.
Back in Fermanagh, her wartime duties over, Elinor Reade married Rector William Steele on 4 March 1919. She was now aged 39 and he was 53; there were no children. Constance meanwhile lived on in Castletown, presumably tending the garden as before, perhaps still taking photographs, but above all ensuring that the possessions and letters of her brother remained intact. She died unmarried in 1968, aged 85. There were no Reades nor Briens to succeed her, and the house with its remaining 135 acres was left to Dr Richard Brandon (1916-2001), whose mother Gladys Reade was Constance’s third cousin. Their common ancestor was the George Reade who had been High Sheriff of Wexford in 1768. Coincidentally, they shared another forebear as Dr Brandon was descended from a sister of John Brien of Castletown. It may also have come to the old lady’s notice that he had served as a Flight Lieutenant in the Second World War, and that his name had been mentioned in despatches.
For their work in preserving Loftus Reade’s records and their help in preparing this article, I would like to thank Captain Robert Bonner (retired), Chairman of the Manchester Regiment Advisory Committee, and his two volunteers, Peter Ashworth and Frank Fenton; Frank McHugh, Secretary of the Fermanagh Family History Society; Larysa Bolton and Michael Keane, present and previous Tameside Council Archivists; and all the staff of Tameside Local Studies Library in Ashton-under-Lyne.
David Ian Hamilton

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: Timberman on August 17, 2019, 06:35:04 PM
Lieutenant John Henry Loftus Reade

Regiment: 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment
Killed In Action: Yes
Date Killed: Thursday, October 29, 1914
Age at Death: 33
Panel Reference: Panels 34 and 35.
Cemetery: Le Touret Memorial Pas de Calais France
Lieutenant John Henry Loftus Reade, 2nd Battalion Manchester Regiment, who was killed in action on the 29th October, was the only son of the late Mr. John Henry Loftus Reade, Barrister-at-Law, Lincoln's Inn, and grandnephew of the late John Dawson Brien, D.L., of Castletown, Co. Fermanagh, to whose property he succeeded. He was born in 1881, and was educated at St. Columba's College, Rathfarnham. He entered the service in December, 1900, receiving a commission in the 5th Royal Irish Rifles, and served in the South African Campaign from 1901 to 1902. In January, 1902, he was gazetted to the Manchester Regiment. From 1909-1912 he was adjutant of the 2nd Batt. Manchester Regiment. He left the Curragh with his regiment on 13th August, and after the battle of Le Cateau became acting adjutant. He was mentioned in Sir John French's despatches.
Date of Publication:
Friday, January 22, 1915
    Description   Held by   Reference   Further information
c1900-1914: letters to his mother and sister from college, the army and active service in France and South Africa

Tameside Local Studies and Archives   Acc2915   See Annual return 2000
c1900-14: personal papers

Tameside Local Studies and Archives   Acc 3059   See Annual Return 2003

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: Timberman on August 17, 2019, 08:38:07 PM
Died 28/10/1914
Aged 20
2nd Bn.
Manchester Regiment
Son of Anne Mary Bentley, of Fulford Grange, York, and the late Alderman William Bentley, J.P. Passed out of Sandhurst as war was declared.
The following is taken from Life of the Month James Leach VC
The action in which Leach and Hogan won their VC’s
•   Now, a battalion of worn-out and exhausted men, they were ordered the following day to withdraw and hold a new line which had previously been prepared by the Royal Engineers and which extended half-a-mile along the road leading north from the cross roads one mile east of Festubert. They continued to hold this position for the next few days with just a few casualties. On the 26th the 1st Battalion Manchester Regiment took over trenches to the left of the 2nd Battalion. This was a historic occasion being the first time that the two battalions had met since Alexandria in 1882. Unfortunately there were many casualties resulting from heavy enemy shelling. Shelling continued on the 27th. Through every hour of 28th October the German artillery continued shelling their trenches, thumping at the thin line of the 2nd Manchesters. It continued throughout the night and redoubled in intensity on the morning of the 29th.
•   In the thin light of dawn the German infantry attacked in overpowering strength against the centre and right of the Manchesters and against the Devons on their right. Soon intense hand to hand fighting took place in the front line trenches manned by ‘A’ Company. The Germans succeeded in occupying the centre forward trench in the charge of newly commissioned 2nd Lieutenant James Leach; but the right forward trench, commanded by Captain Evans, repulsed the attack made on them. Leach and his men withdrew to their support trench where they gathered themselves and were able to prevent a German attempt to over-run their new position, driving the enemy back to the trench which they had just won. 2nd Lieutenant Bentley and Lieutenant and Adjutant Reade plus eighteen rank and file were killed in this action.

Click on the pictures to make them bigger.

Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: Timberman on January 17, 2020, 09:53:47 AM
 Major Alexander Gunning Foord

Alexander was born between April and June 1876 in Brentford, west London, and baptised on the 20th August. His father was called Henry Robert and his mother was Gertrude P. C. Alexander had 4 older siblings: Gertrude, Constance, Montague and Francis Leighton; and 2 younger: Kenneth and Robert.
Henry worked as a clerk for the Admiralty, the Government department responsible for the Royal Navy. In 1881 the family lived at 235 High Street in Isleworth, west London. Ten years later they had moved to Wadsworth Villa on London Road in nearby Heston.
On the 8th December 1893 Alexander joined the Cape Mounted Rifles in what is now South Africa. His service number was 2536. We don't know whether he had been living in South Africa for a time before he enlisted. In peacetime this unit enforced the law in Cape Colony, but during conflict it acted as an army. Francis joined at the same time, his service number was 2535.
Alexander saw service during the Annexation of Pondoland in 1894, when the independent native Pondo Kingdom was brought under European rule. He also served in 1897 in what he referred to as the Le Pleut Rebellion. We don't know what this was. Both he and Francis had reached the rank of Corporal by 1899. Alexander had also leaned the Afrikaaner language spoken by Boer settlers.
The outbreak of the Boer War in October 1899 meant that British Army units began to arrive in South Africa, leaving the Cape Mounted Rifles to guard railways and other vulnerable points. Alexander applied to the Governor of Cape Colony to be recommended for a commission as an officer. The Governor agreed to nominate him, so he was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Manchester Regiment on the 5th January 1901. Francis went through the same process, and joined the South Staffordshire Regiment.
Alexander joined the 2nd Battalion of the Manchester Regiment in mid June, along with Phillip Holberton, whose medals are also in the Museum of the Manchester Regiment collection. He was promoted to Lieutenant on the 30th October 1901. Alexander served with the Mounted Infantry Company of the 2nd Battalion throughout the rest of the war, taking part in sweeps across the countryside aimed at restricting the movements of Boer fighters and preventing them from avoiding British forces. This strategy was eventually successful and the war ended on the 31st May 1902.
The 2nd Battalion set sail for the UK on the 27th September, and Alexander went with them, aboard the Kinfauns Castle. He would serve with them in the UK for the next 12 years.
On the 1st December 1903 Alexander was appointed Assistant Adjutant of the Battalion. The Adjutant was responsible for administration and discipline, as well managing the junior officers and being expected to assist the Commanding Officer with planning operations. He was assisting Phillip Holberton. After 3 years Phillip left the post and Alexander held it until December 1909.
During that year the 2nd Battalion had moved from England to Ireland. Alexander served with them in this country for 18 months before he was appointed Adjutant to the 3rd Battalion of the Manchester Regiment on the 6th June 1911.
The 3rd Battalion was based at the Regimental Depot in Ashton-under-Lyne. It was a unit of the Special Reserve, made up of men who lived as civilians for most of the year and trained as soldiers annually for a short period. Alexander will have had the same responsibilities as with the 2nd Battalion, but his job will have been made more challenging by the battalion so rarely coming together.
Alexander was promoted to Captain on the 1st December 1912, and became engaged soon afterwards. He married Violet Muriel Smith on the 30th April 1913 in Churchdown, near Gloucester. He left the 3rd Battalion on the 5th June 1914 and returned to the 2nd, now at The Curragh Camp in Ireland.
The First World War broke out on the 4th August. The 2nd Battalion needed to be brought up to its full strength of around 1000 with Reservists and Special Reservists. Alexander was one of a number of officers sent to the Depot in Ashton to collect Reservists. He returned on the 8th August with 400 men. Around 680 Reservists were required in all.
Alexander was a member of C Company when he arrived in France on the 14th. He took part in the Battle of Le Cateau on the 26th, where around 350 members of the battalion were killed or wounded. After this the British Army was forced to retreat by the Germans. The retreat was ended by the Battle of the Marne, fought between the 5th and 12th September.
Casualties amongst the 30 officers of the battalion had been very high. Alexander was the only Captain still with them by the 9th. On this day Alexander was severely wounded. After being left on the battlefield all night he was recovered and taken to hospital.
We don't know what Alexander did between then and the 20th December 1915, when he was given a special appointment. We don't know anything about what he did, but the job did not last for long.
Alexander was promoted to Major on the 5th January 1916 and given the job of Brigade Major 2 weeks later. A Brigade Major was a staff officer based in a Brigade Headquarters, one step above a battalion. He was responsible for planning operations and organizing the units within the brigade. We don't know which brigade he served with at first.
On the 23rd January 1917 Alexander was assigned to the 173rd (3/1st London) Brigade, part of the 58th (2/1st London) Division. This unit had just arrived in France, so many of its soldiers will not have seen combat. Experienced officers such as Alexander will have been of vital importance.
Alexander served as Brigade Major during the fighting around the Hindenburg Line and at Bullecourt. On the 14th May he was promoted to Temporary Lieutenant Colonel and took command of the 2/6th (City of London) Battalion (Rifles) of the London Regiment. They were part of the 174th (2/2nd London) Brigade, but in the same Division, so Alexander may have known some of its officers and soldiers. They fought in the Passchendaele Offensive around Ypres in Belgium during this period.

To be continued.


PS. The medals are,
(L to R) Distinguished Service Order; Queen's South Africa Medal with clasps 'Cape Colony', 'Orange Free State', 'Transvaal'; King's South Africa Medal with clasps 'South Africa 1901', 'South Africa 1902'; 1914 Star with clasp '5th Aug.-22nd Nov. 1914'; British War Medal; Allied Victory Medal; Special Constabulary Long Service Medal
Title: Re: 2nd Battalion Officers.
Post by: Timberman on January 17, 2020, 09:58:57 AM
Alexander Gunning Foord continued

At some point during August or September Alexander led his battalion with such skill that he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. His citation was published in the London Gazette on the 27th October 1917:
For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in capturing all the battalion objectives and holding them against counter attacks. His battalion had a most difficult task to perform and it was due to his power of command that they so ably carried it out.
Alexander led the 2/6th Battalion until the 20th September when he was again wounded. After he recovered from his injuries he was assigned to the 3rd Battalion of the Manchester Regiment, which was based at Cleethorpes in Lincolnshire and involved in training recruits. On the 24th August 1918 he again became a Temporary Lieutenant Colonel and took the job of Commandant at the Northern Command School of Musketry at Strensall in Yorkshire. This job involved overseeing the training in rifle and machine gun shooting of recruits and soldiers.
The war ended on the 11th November, but Alexander stayed as Commandant until the 2nd May 1919, when he returned to the 3rd Battalion as a Major. With the end of the war this unit was being reduced in size. It was disbanded in July, by which time Alexander had left it.
Alexander's new job was Officer Commanding the Regimental Depot. This was where recruits for the Manchester Regiment were trained, and it was the regiment's link with the Manchester area, so this was a high -profile job. Alexander dealt with several issues. His immediate priority was to ensure soldiers were demobilised quickly and correctly. After this he dealt with the creation of the Defence Force between April and June 1921. This saw large numbers of officers and reservists report to the Depot, in case they were needed to support the police during large industrial strikes. These strikes were threatened, but never occurred.
Perhaps Alexander's most lasting legacy was the decision to name the barracks where the Depot was based Ladysmith Barracks, in memory of the battle honour earned during the Boer War. The new name was approved on the 31st December 1921.
Alexander left the Depot in August 1922, and retired from the Army on the 7th December. He would be missed by his comrades. He was described as 'always cheery, very keen on his work [and] conscientious to a fault'. They wished him the best in Cheltenham, where he and Violet went to live.
Although he had left the Army Alexander stayed heavily involved with the Manchester Regiment. He joined the Old Comrades Association (OCA) and attended many reunions and dinners. He was serving as Honorary Treasurer of the Manchester Regiment Central Committee by July 1935. This aimed to coordinate the work of the various OCAs, the Regimental Chapel the Museum, and other groups. He held this job for around 25 years.
After the Second World War age and illness meant Alexander had to slow down. He was no longer Treasurer in 1948 and as he developed increasingly serious arthritis attending Regimental events became harder. He could still enjoy fishing, and took an annual holiday to do this. Often he would go with an old comrade; his partner in 1951 was Alfred Rose, whose medals are also in the Museum of the Manchester Regiment collection.
By the late 1950s Alexander was one of only 3 Manchester Regiment officers still living who had served in the Boer War. He suffered a heart attack during 1959 that disabled him further, and he came to rely on Violet's devoted care. They lived at 'The Bryn' on Talbot Road in Cheltenham during this period.
As well as his involvement in the Regiment Alexander served as a Church Warden at Christ's Church, Cheltenham. He had served as a Special Constable for at least 9 years by the time King George V died in 1936. He also collected and presented a number of medals to the Museum of the Manchester Regiment.
Alexander died on the 31st July 1961 in Bayshill Nursing Home. He was 85 years old. His funeral was held at Christ's Church. Many of his friends and comrades paid their respects to a man they knew as 'Podge'.
Violet died on the 22nd March 1970 aged 83. We don't know whether they had any children. Alexander's medals were donated to the Museum of the Manchester Regiment in 1972.

The information is from the Men behind the Medals.